My group and I are interested in biomineralization, that is, in understanding the formation mechanisms, structure, chemistry, and materials properties of natural biominerals. These include coral skeletons, sea urchin spines, mollusk shell nacre, tooth enamel, and others.

click photo for larger scale
Published by Elsevier-Academic Press, Amsterdam, January 2008.
Physics Today review
Chinese edition published in 2011 by Tsinghua University Press, translated by Kecheng Qin
Revised and improved edition in English published 2011, ISBN 9780123918789

Current publication name: P.U.P.A. Gilbert   CV
Former publication name: Gelsomina De Stasio

Professor of Physics (100%)
Professor of Chemistry (0%)
Professor of Materials Science (0%)
Professor of Geoscience (0%)
Email: pupa-at-physics-dot-wisc-dot-edu
Phone: (608) 262-5829
Fax: (608) 262-3077

Awards

Where I come from

Wikipedia

Ten most relevant publications:

  1. E Beniash, CA Stifler, C-Y Sun, GS Jung, Z Qin, MJ Buehler, PUPA Gilbert.
    The hidden structure of human enamel.
    Nature Communications accepted for publication, August 15, 2019.
  2. PUPA Gilbert, SM Porter, BM Gibson, C-Y Sun, S Xiao, N Shenkar, AH Knoll
    Crystallization by particle attachment in early biomineralizing animals
    Procs Natl Acad Sci 116, 17659-17665. PDF
  3. T Mass, AJ Giuffre, C-Y Sun, CA Stifler, MJ Frazier, M Neder, N Tamura, CV Stan, MA Marcus, PUPA Gilbert.
    Amorphous Calcium Carbonate Particles Form Coral Skeletons.
    Procs. Natl. Acad. Sci. 114, E7670-E7678 (2017). COVER PDF
    Highlighted in Science 357, 1012 (2017). PDF
  4. RT DeVol, C-Y Sun, MA Marcus, SN Coppersmith, SCB Myneni, and PUPA Gilbert.
    Nanoscale transforming mineral phases in fresh nacre.
    J Am Chem Soc, 137, 13325-13333 (2015).
    Highlighted in Science 350, 648 (2015)
  5. JJ De Yoreo, PUPA Gilbert, NAJM Sommerdijk, RL Penn, S Whitelam, D Joester, H Zhang, JD Rimer, A Navrotsky, JF Banfield, AF Wallace, FM Michel, FC Meldrum, H Cölfen, PM Dove.
    Crystallization by Particle Attachment in Synthetic, Biogenic, and Geologic Environments.
    Science 149, aaa6760 (2015).
  6. YUT Gong, CE Killian, IC Olson, NP Appathurai, AL Amasino, MC Martin, LJ Holt, FH Wilt, PUPA Gilbert.
    Phase Transitions in Biogenic Amorphous Calcium Carbonate.
    Procs. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109, 6088-6093 (2012).
  7. E Beniash, RA Metzler, RSK Lam, and PUPA Gilbert.
    Transient amorphous calcium phosphate in forming enamel.
    J. Struct. Biol. 166, 133-143 (2009).
  8. PUPA Gilbert, RA Metzler, D Zhou, A Scholl, A Doran, A Young, M Kunz, N Tamura, SN Coppersmith.
    Gradual Ordering in Red Abalone Nacre.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 17519-17527 (2008).
  9. Y Politi, RA Metzler, M Abrecht, B Gilbert, F Wilt, I Sagi, L Addadi, S Weiner, and PUPA Gilbert.
    Mechanism of transformation of amorphous calcium carbonate into calcite in the sea urchin larval spicule.
    Procs. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 17362-17366 (2008).
  10. RA Metzler, M Abrecht, RM Olabisi, D Ariosa, CJ Johnson, BH Frazer, SN Coppersmith, PUPA Gilbert.
    Columnar Nacre Architecture and Possible Formation Mechanism.
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 268102-1/4 (2007).
    Also featured in Science 317, 175 (2007).