Patents

F.J. Himpsel, US Patent 5,296,458 (1994), Epitaxy of High Tc Superconducting Films on (001) Silicon Surface.

 

Publications

1. N. Schwentner, F.J. Himpsel, E.E. Koch, V. Saile, and M. Skibowski, Energy Distribution of Photoelectrons from the Valence Band of Solid Xenon, Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics, ed. by E.E. Koch, R. Haensel, C. Kunz; Pergamon-Vieweg. p.335 (1974).

2. N. Schwentner, F.J. Himpsel, V. Saile, M. Skibowski, W. Steinmann, and E.E. Koch, Photoemission from Rare Gas Solids: Electron Energy Distributions from the Valence Bands, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 528 (1975).

3. F.J. Himpsel, N. Schwentner, and E.E. Koch, Ultraviolet Photoemission Spectroscopy of Solid Nitrogen and Oxygen, Phys. Stat. Sol. b71, 615 (1975).

4. A.B. Kunz, D.J. Mickish, S.K.V. Mirmira, T. Shima, F.J. Himpsel, V. Saile, N. Schwentner, and E.E. Koch, A Comparison of Experimental and Theoretical Photoelectron Energy Distribution Curves for Solid Argon and Krypton, Solid State Comm. 17, 761 (1975).

5. F.J. Himpsel and W. Steinmann, Angle and Energy Dependence of Photoemission from NaCl and KCl Single Crystals, Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 1025 (1975).

6. D. Pudewill, F.J. Himpsel, V. Saile, N. Schwentner, M. Skibowski, and E.E. Koch, Excitons in Pure and Doped Solid Neon, Phys. Stat. Sol. b74, 485 (1976).

7. F.J. Himpsel and W. Steinmann, Angle and Energy Dependence of Photoemission from Alkali Halide (100) Faces, Photoemission from Surfaces, Noordwijk Meeting 1976, ESA preprint SP 118, p.137

8. J.D. Wiley, W.J. Buckel, W. Braun, G.W. Fehrenbach, E.E. Koch, and F.J. Himpsel, Reflectivity of Single-Crystal GeS from 0.1-30 eV, Phys. Rev. B 14, 697 (1976).

9. D. Pudewill, F.J. Himpsel, V. Saile, N. Schwentner, M. Skibowski, E.E. Koch, and J. Jortner, Exciton Dynamics in Solid Neon, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 5226 (1976).

10. R. Nürnberger, F.J. Himpsel, E.E. Koch, and N. Schwentner, Band Formation in Xenon-Argon Alloys Studied by Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Phys. Stat. Sol. b81, 503 (1977).

11. F.J. Himpsel and W. Steinmann, Angle Resolved Photoemission from the NaCl(100)-Face, Phys. Rev. B 17, 2537 (1978).

12. D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, and J.A. Knapp, Experimental Band Structure and Temperature-Dependent Magnetic Exchange Splitting of Nickel Using Angle-Resolved Photoemission, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1514 (1978).

13. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, Observation of a L1-Symmetry Surface State on Ni(111), Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 507 (1978).

14. D.E. Eastman, J.A. Knapp, and F.J. Himpsel, Direct Determination of Lifetime and Energy Dispersion for the Empty D1-Conduction Band of Copper, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 825 (1978).

15. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Dispersions for Valence and Conduction Bands of Palladium, Phys. Rev. B18, 5236 (1978).

16. J.A. Knapp, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Dispersions and Lifetimes for Valence and Conduction Bands of Copper Using Angle Resolved Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4952 (1979).

17. F.J. Himpsel, J.A. Knapp, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Band Dispersions and Exchange Splittings for Ni, Phys. Rev. B 19, 2919 (1979).

18. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and J.A. Knapp, Hydrogen on Ni(111): An Angle Resolved Photoemission Study, Phys. Rev. B 19, 2872 (1979).

19. J.A. Knapp, F.J. Himpsel, A.R. Williams, and D.E. Eastman, Temperature Dependence of Bulk and Surface Energy Bands in Copper Using Angle Resolved Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 19, 2844 (1979).

20. D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, J.A. Knapp, and K.C. Pandey, Angle Resolved Photoemission Studies of Semiconductor Bulk and Surface States, in: Physics of Semiconductors 1979, Proceedings of the 14th International Semiconductor Conference, Edinbourgh 1978, Inst. of Phys. Conf. Series 43, Bristol and London, 1059 (1979).

21. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, Photoemission Studies of Intrinsic Surface States on Si(100), J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 16, 1297 (1979).

22. E. Dietz and F.J. Himpsel, Photoemission via Bloch States and Evanescent Band Gap States for Cu(110), Solid State Comm. 30, 234 (1979).

23. F.J. Himpsel, J.A. Knapp, J.A. Van Vechten, and D.E. Eastman, Quantum Photoyield of Diamond(111) - A Stable Negative Affinity Emitter, Phys. Rev. B 20, 624 (1979).

24. W. Eberhardt and F.J. Himpsel, Dispersion and Symmetry of Oxygen Induced Bands on Al(111), Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1375 (1979).

25. F.J. Himpsel and W. Eberhardt, High Energy Final Bands in Cu, Solid State Comm. 31, 747 (1979).

26. F.J. Himpsel and W. Steinmann, Angle Resolved Photoemission from the NaC1(100) Face, Synchrotron Radiation Research, ed. by T. Sasaki, Series of Selected Papers in Physics, 204, (1979), printed by the Physical Society of Japan.

27. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, An Intrinsic L1-Symmetry Surface State on Co(0001), Phys. Rev. B 20, 3217 (1979).

28. D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, and J.A. Knapp, Experimental Exchange-Split Energy Band Dispersions for Fe, Co, and Ni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 95 (1980).

29. D.E. Eastman, J.J. Donelon, N.C. Hien, and F.J. Himpsel, An Ellipsoidal Mirror Display Analyzer System for Electron Energy and Angular Measurements, Nuclear Instrum. and Methods 172, 327 (1980).

30. M. Iwan, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Two-Electron Resonance at the 3p-Threshold of Cu and Ni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1829 (1979).

31. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and E.E. Koch, Observation of the Transition from the Adiabatic to the Sudden Regime for the M3M4,5M4,5(1G) Auger Excitation in Zinc, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 214 (1980).

32. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Structure-Dependent 4f Core Level Binding Energy for Surface Atoms on Ir(111), Ir(100)-(5´1) and Metastable Ir(100)-(1´1), Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 189 (1980).

33. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Band Dispersions and Magnetic Exchange Splitting for Cobalt, Phys. Rev. B, 21, 3207 (1980).

34. W. Eberhardt and F.J. Himpsel, Dipole Selection Rules for Optical Transitions in the FCC and BCC Lattices, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5572 (1980) and Phys. Rev. B 23, 5650 (1981).

35. P.J. Feibelman and F.J. Himpsel, Spectroscopy of a Surface of Known Geometry: Ti(0001)-N(1´1), Phys. Rev. B 21, 1394 (1980).

36. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Surface Umklapp Effects and Surface States on Ir(100)-(5´1) and Ir(111), Sol. State Comm. 34, 33 (1980).

37. M. Iwan, E.E. Koch, T.-C. Chiang, D.E. Eastman, and F.J. Himpsel, Multielectron Effects in Photoemission from Quasi-Atomic Copper in Cu-Phthalocyanine, Sol. St. Commun. 34, 57 (1980).

38. D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, and J.A. Knapp, Experimental Energy Band Dispersions and Magnetic Exchange Splittings for Fe, Co, and Ni, J. of Mag. and Mag. Mater., 15-18, 1136 (1980).

39. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, E.E. Koch, and A.R. Williams, Experimental E(k) Dispersions for the Zn 3d-states: Evidence for Itinerant Character, Phys. Rev. B 22, 4604 (1980).

40. N.V. Smith and F.J. Himpsel, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Chapter 9 in: Handbook on Synchrotron Radiation, Vol.1, Ed. by, E.E. Koch, North Holland, Amsterdam (1983), p. 905

41. A.M. Bradshaw, J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Electronic Properties of the Clean and Hydrogen-Covered TiC(111) Ti-terminated Polar Surface, Solid State Commun. 37, 37 (1980).

42. P.J. Feibelman, D.R. Hamann, and F.J. Himpsel, Site and Nature of H-Bonding on Ti(0001), Phys. Rev. B 22, 1734 (1980).

43. G. Kaindl, T.-C. Chiang, D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel Distance-Dependent Relaxation Shifts of Photoemission, Auger Energies for Xe on Pd(001), Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1808 (1980).

44. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and P. Heimann, Angular Dependent Photon-Stimulated Desorption of Ions from a V2O5(010) Surface, Solid State Commun. 36, 99 (1980).

45. M. Aono, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Band Structure E(k) of V3Si by Angle Resolved Photoemission, Solid State Commun. 39, 225 (1981).

46. F.J. Himpsel, J.F. van der Veen, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Bulk Energy Bands for Diamond Using hn-Dependent Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 22, 1967 (1980).

47. M. Iwan, E.E. Koch, T.-C. Chiang, and F.J. Himpsel, Observation of the Resonant Two-Hole Band State at the 3p-Core Threshold in Zn and Zn Phthalocyanine, Physics Lett. 76A, 177 (1980).

48. D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, and J.F. van der Veen, Similarity Between the Si(111)-(7´7) and Impurity-Stabilized Si(111)-(1´1) Surfaces, Solid State Commun. 35, 345 (1980).

49. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and P. Heimann, Schottky Barriers on Diamond(111), Sol. State Commun. 36, 631 (1980).

50. J.H. Weaver, A.M. Bradshaw, J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and C. Politis, Angle Resolved Photoemission Studies of TiC(111) and TiC(100), Phys. Rev. B22, 4921 (1980).

51. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Band Dispersions for Valence and Conduction Bands of Iridium, Phys. Rev. B 22, 4226 (1980).

52. D.E. Eastman, T.C. Chiang, P. Heimann, and F.J. Himpsel, Surface Core Level Binding Energy Shifts for GaAs(110) and GaSb(110), Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 656 (1980) and 46, 1602 (1981).

53. T.-C. Chiang, D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, G. Kaindl, and M. Aono, Observation of the Transition from Uncollapsed to Collapsed Excited f-Wave Functions in I-, Xe, Cs+ Via Giant Post-Collision Interaction Auger Effect, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1846 (1980).

54. F.J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, T.-C. Chiang, and D.E. Eastman, Geometry-Dependent Si(2p) Surface Core Level Excitations for Si(111) and Si(100) Surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1112 (1980) and 46, 1602 (1981).

55. F.J. Himpsel, Experimental Determination of Bulk Energy Band Dispersions, Applied Optics 19, 3964 (1980).

56. F.J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, and D.E. Eastman, Band Structure Measurements and Multi-electron Effects (Satellites) For Nearly-filled d-Band Metals: Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ru, and Pd, J. Appl. Phys., 52, 1658 (1981).

57. P. Heimann, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Bands, Exchange Splittings, and Lifetimes for Ni in the Vicinity of the X-Point, Sol. State Commun. 39, 219 (1981).

58. F.J. Himpsel, K. Christmann, P. Heimann, and D.E. Eastman, Experimental Energy Band Dispersions and Lifetimes for Ruthenium, Phys. Rev. B 23, 2548 (1981).

59. M. Iwan, E.E. Koch, and F.J. Himpsel, Resonant 5f Valence-Band Satellite at the 5d-Threshold in Uranium Metal, Phys. Rev. B 24, 613 (1981).

60. D.E. Eastman and F.J. Himpsel, Energy Band Dispersions E(k) of Transition and Noble Metals Using Angle-resolved Photoemission, Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 55, 115 (1980).

61. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, and E.E. Koch, Free-Electron-Like Bulk and Surface States for Zn(0001), Phys. Rev. B.24, 1687 (1981).

62. G. Kaindl, T.-C. Chiang, D.E. Eastman, and F.J. Himpsel, Layer-Dependent Core-Level Shifts for Rare-Gas Adsorbates on Metals, Ordering in Two Dimensions, S.K. Sinha, Editor, North Holland, p.99 (1980).

63. D.E. Eastman and F.J. Himpsel, Synchrotron Radiation: Ultraviolet Radiation - an Incisive and Versatile Tool, Physics Today, 34, No.5, 64 (1981).

64. J.F. van der Veen, P. Heimann, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Observation of Opposite 4f-Surface Core Level Binding Energy Shifts for W(111) and Ta(111), Solid State. Commun. 37, 555 (1981).

65. M. Aono, T.-C. Chiang, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Delayed Onset of 4d Photoemission Relative to the Giant 4d Photoabsorption of La, Solid State Commun. 37, 471 (1981).

66. F.J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, and D.E. Eastman, Surface States on Si(111)-(2´1), Phys. Rev. B24, 2003 (1981).

67. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, P. Heimann, B. Reihl, C.W. White, and D.M. Zehner, Electronic Structure of the Annealed Ge(111) and Si(111) Surfaces: Similarities in Local Bonding, Phys. Rev. B24, 1120 (1981).

68. D.E. Eastman, P. Heimann, F.J. Himpsel, B. Reihl, D.M. Zehner, and C.W. White, Electronic Properties of Laser-annealed (111)-(1´1) Surfaces of Highly-doped Si, Phys. Rev. B24, 3647 (1981).

69. T.E. Madey, R. Stockbauer, A.A. Flodström, J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Photon Stimulated Desorption from Covalently Bonded Species: CO Adsorbed on Ru(001), Phys. Rev. B23, 6847 (1981).

70. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Hydrogen-Induced Reconstruction of the W(100) Surface, Sol. State Commun., 40, 57 (1981)

71. D. Zehner, C.W. White, P. Heimann, B. Reihl, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Similarity of the Laser- and Thermally-annealed Si(111) Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 24, 4875 (1981).

72. J.L. Freeouf, M. Aono, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, A Study of Schottky Barrier Formation for Ga/Si(111)-(2´1) and Sb/Si(111)-(2´1) Interfaces, J. of Vac. Sci. and Techn. 19, 681 (1981)

73. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, P. Heimann, and J.F. van der Veen, Surface States on Reconstructed Diamond(111), Phys. Rev. B 24, 7270 (1981)

74. B. Reihl, G. Hollinger, and F.J. Himpsel, Itinerant 5f Antiferromagnetism in Uranium Nitride: A temperature-dependent Angle-resolved Photoemission Study, Phys. Rev. B 28, 1490 (1983).

75. N.D. Lang, A.R. Williams, F.J. Himpsel, B. Reihl, and D.E. Eastman, Absence of a Charge-Transfer Instability for Rare Gas Atoms Adsorbed on Metals, Phys. Rev. B20, 1728 (1982).

76. R.A. Pollak, D.E. Eastman, F.J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, and B. Reihl, 1T-TaS2 Charge Density Wave Induced Metal/Insulator Transition Observed by Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B. 24, 7435 (1981).

77. F.J. Himpsel, K. Christmann, P. Heimann, D.E. Eastman, and Peter J. Feibelman, Adsorbate Band Dispersions for C on Ru(0001), Surf. Sci. 115, L159 (1982).

78. D.E. Eastman, J.F. van der Veen, and F.J. Himpsel, Photoemission Studies of Surface Core Level Shifts and Their Applications, J. Vac. Sci. and Tech. 20, 609 (1982).

79. D.W. Jepsen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Single-Step Model Analysis of Angle-Resolved Photoemission from Ni(011) and Cu(100), Phys. Rev. B26, 4039 (1982).

80. J.G. Clabes, G.W. Rubloff, B. Reihl, R.J. Purtell, P.S. Ho, A. Zartner, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, The Formation of the Schottky Barrier at the V/Si Interface, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 20, 684 (1982).

81. F.J. Himpsel, Angle-resolved measurements of the photoemission of electrons in the study of solids, Advances in Physics 32, 1 (1983).

82. D.E. Eastman, P. Heimann, F.J. Himpsel, B. Reihl, D.M. Zehner, and C.W. White, Surface Electronic Properties of Ion-Implanted Laser-Annealed Si(111), Laser and Electron Beam Interaction with Solids, ed. by B.R. Appleton and G.K. Celler, Elsevier, p.261 (1982).

83. F.J. Himpsel, D.E. Eastman, P. Heimann, B. Reihl, C.W. White, and D.M. Zehner, Photoemission Results for Laser-Annealed Si(111) and Ge(111) Surfaces, Laser and Electron Beam Interaction with Solids, ed. by B.R. Appleton and G.K. Celler, Elsevier, p.267 (1982).

84. J.F. van der Veen, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Chemisorption-Induced 4f-Core Electron Binding Energy Shifts for Surface Atoms of W(111), W(100), and Ta(111), Phys. Rev. B 25, 7388 (1982).

85. B. Reihl and F. J. Himpsel, Photoemission of Spin-Polarized d States in Gadolinium, Solid State Commun. 44, 1131 (1982).

86. F.J. Himpsel and Th. Fauster, Empty Orbitals of Adsorbates Determined by Inverse UV-Photoemission, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1583 (1982).

87. B. Reihl, G. Hollinger, and F.J. Himpsel, Angle-resolved Photoemission and Temperature Dependence of 5f Electronic States in Uranium Nitride, J. Magn. Mag. Mat. 29, 303 (1982).

88. F.J. Himpsel and D.E. Eastman, Comment on "Experimental Evidence for one Highly Dispersive Dangling-Bond Band on Si(111) 2´1", Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 849 (1982).

89. F.J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure and Geometry of Group IV Semiconductor Surfaces, Physica 117B & 118B, 767 (1983).

90. D. Schmeisser, F.J. Himpsel, G. Hollinger, and B. Reihl, The Electronic Structure of Hydrogen Bonded H2O , Phys. Rev. B27, 3279 (1983).

91. F.J. Himpsel, Photoemission from Solids, Nucl. Instrum. and Methods 208, 753 (1983).

92. D.W. Jepsen, Th. Fauster, and F.J. Himpsel, Calculation of the Inverse Photoemission from Ni(111), Phys. Rev. B29, 1078 (1984).

93. F.J. Himpsel, G. Hollinger, and R.A. Pollak, Determination of the Fermi Level Pinning Position at Si(111)-(2´1) Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B28, 7014 (1983).

94. Th. Fauster, F.J. Himpsel, J.J. Donelon, and A. Marx, Spectrometer for Momentum-Resolved Bremsstrahlung Spectroscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 68 (1983).

95. Th. Fauster and F.J. Himpsel, 2p*-Derived States for CO on Ni(111) Studied by UV Bremsstrahlung Spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B27, 1390 (1983).

96. F.J. Himpsel and Th. Fauster, Mapping of Unoccupied Minority Spin Bands Using Inverse Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B26, 2679 (1982).

97. G. Hollinger, F.J. Himpsel, B. Reihl, P. Pertosa, and J.P. Doumerc, On the Applicability of the Rigid Band Model to the Metallic Sodium Tungsten Bronzes: A Photoemission Study Using Synchrotron Radiation, Solid State Commun. 44, 1221 (1982).

98. G. Hollinger, F.J. Himpsel, N. Martensson, B. Reihl, J.P. Doumerc, and T. Akahane, Integer vs. Non-Integer Valence Properties Revealed by a Comparative Photoemission Study of NaxWO3 and ReO3, Phys. Rev. B27, 6370 (1983).

99. T.-C. Chiang, G. Kaindl, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Photoemission Spectroscopy of Surfaces and Adsorbates, AIP Conf. Series 94, 759 (1983).

100. F.J. Himpsel, Th. Fauster, and G. Hollinger, Electronic Structure of Si(111) Surfaces, Surf. Sci. 132, 22 (1983).

101. F.J. Himpsel, D.E.Eastman, and J.F. van der Veen, Electronic surface properties and Schottky barriers for diamond(111), J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 17, 1085 (1980).

102. G. Hollinger and F.J. Himpsel, Oxygen Chemisorption and Oxide Formation on Si(111) and Si(100) Surfaces, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A1, 640 (1983).

103. Th. Fauster and F.J. Himpsel, Momentum-Resolved Bremsstrahlung Spectroscopy with a Tunable Photon Detector, J. Vac. Sci. and Tech. A1, 1111 (1983).

104. T.-C. Chiang, R. Ludeke, M. Aono, G. Landgren, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Angle-Resolved Photoemission Studies of GaAs(100) Surfaces Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Phys. Rev. B 27, 4770 (1983).

105. D. Schmeisser, F.J. Himpsel, and G. Hollinger, Chemisorption of H2O on Si(100), Phys. Rev. B 27, 7813 (1983).

106. F.J. Himpsel, Angular Dependence of Photon-Stimulated Desorption, Semiconductors and Insulators 5, 419 (1983).

107. F.J. Himpsel, A Structural Model for Si(111)-(7´7), Phys. Rev. B 27, 7782 (1983).

108. G. Hollinger and F.J. Himpsel, Multiple Bonding Configurations for Oxygen on Silicon Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B28, 3651 (1983).

109. J.C. Vickerman, K. Christmann, G. Ertl, P. Heimann, F.J. Himpsel, and D.E. Eastman, Geometric Structure and Electronic States of Copper Films on a Ru(0001) Surface, Surf. Sci., 134, 367 (1983).

110. F.J. Himpsel and B. Reihl, Experimental Energy Bands of a Rare Earth Metal: Gd(0001), Phys. Rev. B 28, 574 (1983).

111. Th. Fauster, F.J. Himpsel, J.E. Fischer, and E.W. Plummer, Three-dimensional Energy Band in Graphite and Lithium-intercalated Graphite, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 430 (1983).

112. G. Hollinger and F.J. Himpsel, Probing the Transition Layer at the SiO2-Si Interface Using Core Level Photoemission, Appl. Phys. Lett., 44, 93 (1984).

113. F.J. Himpsel and Th. Fauster, Probing Valence States with Photoemission and Inverse Photoemission, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A2, 815 (1984).

114. F.J. Himpsel and Inder Batra, Structural Models for Si(111)-(7´7), J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A2, 952 (1984).

115. G. Landgren, R. Ludeke, J.F. Morar, Y. Jugnet, and F. J. Himpsel, Oxidation of GaAs(110): New Results and Models, Phys. Rev. B30, 4839 (1984).

116. F.R. McFeely, J. Morar, G. Landgren, F.J. Himpsel, and Y. Jugnet, The Chemisorption of Fluorine on Silicon (111) Surfaces, Thin Films and Interface II, Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, North Holland, N.Y. (1984), p.341.

117. F.R. McFeely, J.F. Morar, N.D. Shinn, G. Landgren, and F.J. Himpsel, Synchrotron Photoemission Investigation of the Initial Stages of Fluorine Attack on Si Surfaces: Relative Abundance of Fluorosilyl Species, Phys. Rev. B30, 764 (1984).

118. F.J. Himpsel, Y. Jugnet, D.E. Eastman, J.J. Donelon, D. Grimm, G. Landgren, A. Marx, J.F. Morar, C. Oden, R.A. Pollak, J. Schneir, and C.A. Crider, First Results from a 6m/10m Toroidal Grating Monochromator for Soft X-Rays, Nucl. Instr. Meth. 222, 107 (1984).

119. F.J. Himpsel and R.W. Klaffky, editors, Science with Soft X-Rays, Vol.447, Proceedings of SPIE (Bellingham, WA 1984).

120. Th. Fauster and F.J. Himpsel Energy Dependence of Cross Sections in Inverse Photoemission Phys. Rev. B30, 1874 (1984).

121. J.F. Morar, F.R. McFeely, N.D. Shinn, G. Landgren, and F.J. Himpsel, Synchrotron Photoemission Investigation: Fluorine on Silicon Surfaces, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 174 (1984).

122. D.A. Straub and F.J. Himpsel Identification of Image Potential Surface States on Metals, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1922 (1984).

123. Y. Jugnet, F.J. Himpsel, Ph. Avouris, and E.E. Koch High-Resolution C1s and O1s Core Excitation Spectroscopy, of Chemisorbed, Physisorbed, and Free CO, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 198 (1984).

124. G. Landgren, R. Ludeke, Y. Jugnet, J.F. Morar, and F.J. Himpsel, The Oxidation of GaAs(110): A Re-Evaluation, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B2, 351 (1984).

125. F.J. Himpsel, P. Marcus, R. Tromp, I.P. Batra, M.R. Cook, F. Jona, and H. Liu, Structure Analysis of Si(111)-(2´1) with Low-Energy Electron Diffraction, Phys. Rev. B30, 2257 (1984).

126. I.P. Batra, F.J. Himpsel, P.M. Marcus, R. Tromp, M.R. Cook, F. Jona, and H. Liu, Structure of the Si(111)-2´1 Surface, in "The Structure of Surfaces", ed. by M.A. Van Hove and S.Y. Tong, Springer, Berlin (1985), p.285.

127. F.J. Himpsel, J.F. Morar, F.R. McFeely, R.A. Pollak, and G. Hollinger, Core Level Shifts and Oxidation States of Ta and W: ESCA Applied to Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B30, 7236 (1984).

128. F.J. Himpsel, Th. Fauster, and D. Straub, Inverse Photoemission in the UV, Journal of Luminescence 31&32, 920 (1985).

129. F.J. Himpsel, D. Straub, and Th. Fauster, Inverse Photoemission at Semiconductor Surfaces, Proceedings of the 17th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, ed. by D.J. Chadi and W.A. Harrison, Springer, New York (1985), p.39.

130. D.Straub, M. Skibowski, and F.J. Himpsel, Conduction-band dispersion, critical points, and unoccupied surface states on GaAs(110): A high-resolution angle-resolved inverse photoemission study, Phys. Rev. B32, 5237 (1985).

131. D. Straub, L. Ley, and F.J. Himpsel, Conduction Band and Surface State Critical Points in Si: An Inverse Photoemission Study, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 142 (1985).

132. D. Straub and F.J. Himpsel Spectroscopy of Image Potential States with Inverse Photoemission Phys. Rev. B33, 2256 (1986).

133. D. Straub, M.J. Skibowski, F.J. Himpsel, and W. Drube Interlayer Interaction in the Conduction Bands of Layered Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Studied by Inverse Photoemission Phys. Rev. B31, 8254 (1985).

134. Th. Fauster, D. Straub, J.J. Donelon, D. Grimm, A. Marx, and F.J. Himpsel, Normal-incidence grating spectrograph with large acceptance for inverse photoemission, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 56, 1212 (1985).

135. D. Straub, M. Skibowski, and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied Surface State and Conduction Band Critical Points of GaP(110): A High Resolution Inverse Photoemission Study, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A3, 1484 (1985).

136. J.F. Morar, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Hughes, J.L. Jordan, F.R. McFeely, and G. Hollinger, High Resolution Photoemission Investigation: The Oxidation of W, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A3, 1477 (1985).

137. D. Straub, L. Ley, F.J. Himpsel, Inverse Photoemission Study of Unoccupied Electronic States in Ge and Si: Bulk Energy Bands, Phys. Rev. B33, 2607 (1986).

138. E.E. Koch, Y. Jugnet, and F.J. Himpsel, High-Resolution Soft X-Ray Excitation Spectra of 3d Metal Phthalocyanines, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 7 (1985).

139. F.R. McFeely, J.F. Morar, and F.J. Himpsel, Soft X-ray Photoemission Study of the Silicon-Fluorine Etching Reaction, Surf. Sci. 165, 277 (1986).

140. K. Giesen, F. Hage, F.J. Himpsel, H.J. Riess, and W. Steinmann, Two-Photon Photoemission via Image-Potential States, Phys. Rev. Lett., 55, 300 (1985).

141. G. Hollinger, P. Pertosa, J.P. Doumerc, F.J. Himpsel and B. Reihl, Metal-nonmetal transition in tungsten bronzes: A photoemission study, Phys. Rev. B32, 1987 (1985).

142. F.J. Himpsel and Inder P. Batra, Symmetrization of the Trimer Model for Si(111) 7´7, Solid State Commun. 56, 669 (1985).

143. G. Hollinger, J.F. Morar, F.J. Himpsel, G.L. Hughes, and J.L. Jordan, Si(111) Surface Oxidation: 01s Core Level Study Using Synchrotron Radiation, Surf. Sci. 168, 609 (1986).

144. G. Hollinger, G. Hughes, F.J. Himpsel, J.L. Jordan, J.F. Morar, and F. Houzay, Early Stages in the Formation of the InP(110) - Oxide Interface, Surf. Sci. 168, 617 (1986).

145. F.J. Himpsel and D. Straub, Inverse Photoemission as a Probe for Unoccupied Electronic States, Surf. Sci. 168, 764 (1986).

146. F.J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure of Semiconductor Surfaces, Appl. Phys. A38, 205 (1985).

147. F.J. Himpsel, Surface Electronic States,Chapter 16 in "Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VI", ed. by R. Vanselow and R. Howe, Springer, New York (1986), p.435.

148. R.D. Schnell, D. Rieger, A. Bogen, F.J. Himpsel, K. Wandelt and W. Steinmann, Electronic Properties and Bonding Sites for Chlorine Chemisorption on Si(111)-(7´7), Phys. Rev. B32, 8057 (1985).

149. R.D. Schnell, F.J. Himpsel, A. Bogen, D. Rieger and W. Steinmann, Surface Core Level Shifts for Clean and Halogen-covered Ge(100) and Ge(111), Phys. Rev. B32, 8052 (1985).

150. D. Schmeisser, R.D. Schnell, A. Bogen, F.J. Himpsel, D. Rieger, G. Landgren, and J.F. Morar, Surface Oxidation States of Germanium, Surf. Sci. 172, 455 (1986).

151. J.F. Morar, F.J. Himpsel, G. Hollinger, J.L. Jordan, G. Hughes, and F.R. McFeely, C 1s excitation studies of diamond (111) I. Surface core levels, Phys. Rev. B33, 1340 (1986).

152. J.F. Morar, F.J. Himpsel, G. Hollinger, J.L. Jordan, G. Hughes, and F.R. McFeely, C 1s excitation studies of diamond (111) II. Unoccupied surface states, Phys. Rev. B33, 1346 (1986).

153. J.F. Morar, F.J. Himpsel, G. Hollinger, G. Hughes, and J.L. Jordan, Observation of a C-1s Core Excitation in Diamond, Phys. Rev. Lett., 54, 1960 (1985).

154. F.J. Himpsel, F.U. Hillebrecht, G. Hughes, J.L. Jordan, U.O. Karlsson, F.R. McFeely, J.F. Morar and D. Rieger, Structure and Bonding at the CaF2/Si(111) Interface, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 596 (1986).

155. F.J. Himpsel, Inverse Photoemission, Comments Cond. Mat. Phys. 12, 199 (1986).

156. R.G. Jordan, W. Drube, D. Straub, and F.J. Himpsel, High Resolution Inverse Photoemission Study of a Clean and Oxidised Ag-Mn(111) Random Substitutional Alloy, Phys. Rev. B33, 5280 (1986).

157. K. Giesen, F. Hage, F.J. Himpsel, H.J. Riess, and W. Steinmann, Hydrogenic Image Potential States: A Critical Examination, Phys. Rev. B33, 5241 (1986).

158. J.L. Jordan, P.N. Sanda, J.F. Morar, C.A. Kovac, F.J. Himpsel, and R.A. Pollak, Synchrotron-radiation excited carbon 1s photoemission study of Cr/organic polymer interfaces, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A4, 1046 (1986).

159. R. Ludeke, D. Straub, F.J. Himpsel, and G. Landgren, Metal-derived Bandgap States: Ti on GaAs(110), J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A4, 874 (1986).

160. F.J. Himpsel and N.V. Smith, Photoelectron Spectrosopy, Physics Today, Vol. 38 Nr.12, 60 (1985).

161. K.O. Magnusson, U. Karlsson, D. Straub, S.A. Flodström and F.J. Himpsel, Angle-Resolved High Resolution Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy Studies of CdTe(110), CdSe (11-20) and CdS(11-20), Phys. Rev. B36, 6566 (1987).

162. W. Drube, D. Straub, F.J. Himpsel, P. Soukiassian, C.L. Fu, and A.R. Freeman, Unoccupied Surface States on W(100) and Mo(100) by Inverse Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B34, 8989 (1986).

163. R.D. Schnell, D. Rieger, A. Bogen, F.J. Himpsel, K. Wandelt, and W. Steinmann, Chlorine Adsorption on Si(111)7´7 and GaAs(110)1´1: New Photoemission Results, Surf. Sci. 162, 25 (1985).

164. F.J. Himpsel, U.O. Karlsson, J.F. Morar, D. Rieger, and J. Yarmoff, Determination of Interface States for CaF2/Si(111) by Near-Edge X-Ray-Absorption Measurements, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1497 (1986).

165. U.O. Karlsson, F.J. Himpsel, J.F. Morar, D. Rieger, and J. Yarmoff, Electronic Structure of MBE Grown CaF2 on Si(111), J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B4, 1117 (1986).

166. W. Drube, D. Straub, and F.J. Himpsel, Inverse Photoemission Study of InP, InAs, and InSb, Phys. Rev. B35, 5563 (1987).

167. K. Giesen, F. Hage, F.J. Himpsel, H.J. Riess, and W. Steinmann, Binding Energy of Image Potential States: Dependence on Crystal Structure and Material, Phys. Rev. B35, 971 (1987).

168. K. Giesen, F. Hage, F.J. Himpsel, H.J. Riess, W. Steinmann, and N.V. Smith, Effective Mass of Image Potential States, Phys. Rev. B35, 975 (1987).

169. F.U. Hillebrecht, M. Ronay, D. Rieger, and F.J. Himpsel, Enhancement of Si oxidation by cerium overlayers and formation of cerium silicate, Phys. Rev. B34, 5377 (1986).

170. F.J. Himpsel and N.V. Smith, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Parity (Japanese Physics Today), 1, 4 (1986).

171. U.O. Karlsson, F.J. Himpsel, J.F. Morar, F.R. Mc Feely, D. Rieger, and J. Yarmoff, Formation of a new ordered Structure of CaF2/Si(111) by Ultraviolet Irradiation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1247 (1986).

172. D. Rieger, F.J. Himpsel, U.O. Karlsson, F.R. Mc Feely, J.F. Morar, and J.A. Yarmoff, Electronic Structure of the CaF2/Si(111) Interface, Phys. Rev. B34, 7295 (1986).

173. U.O. Karlsson, D. Rieger, J.A. Yarmoff, F.R. Mc Feely J.F. Morar, and F.J. Himpsel, CaF2/Si(111): Electronic Structure of the Interface, Proceedings of the 18th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, Stockholm 1986, ed. by O. Engström, World Scientific, Singapore (1987), p. 251.

174. R. Ludeke, G. Hughes, W. Drube, F. Schäffler, F.J. Himpsel, D. Rieger, D. Straub and G. Landgren, An Impurity Model for the Schottky Barrier: Transition Metals on III-V Compound Semiconductors, Proceedings of the 18th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, Stockholm 1986, ed. by O. Engström, World Scientific, Singapore (1987), p. 287.

175. F. Schäffler, W. Drube, G. Hughes,R. Ludeke, D. Rieger, and F.J. Himpsel, Metal-Induced Impurity States at the InP / Transition Metal Interface, J. Vac. Sci Technol A5, 1528 (1987).

176. F. Schäffler, G. Hughes, W. Drube, R. Ludeke, and F.J. Himpsel, Comparative Study of Y and other Transition Metals on GaAs(110), Phys. Rev. B35, 6328 (1987).

177. K. Giesen, F. Hage, F.J. Himpsel, and W. Steinmann, Image Potential States Investigated by Two Photon Photoemission, Vuoto, Vol. XVI, 19 (1986).

178. K. Giesen, F. Hage, H.J. Riess, W. Steinmann, R. Haight, R. Beigang, R. Dreyfus, Ph. Avouris, and F.J. Himpsel, Image Potential States Seen via Two Photon Photoemission and Second Harmonic Generation, Physica Scripta 35, 578 (1987).

179. J.F. Morar, B.S. Meyerson, U.O. Karlsson, F.J. Himpsel, F.R. McFeely D. Rieger, A Taleb-Ibrahimi and J.A. Yarmoff, Oxygen Removal from Si via Reaction with Adsorbed Ge, Appl. Phys. Lett 50, 463 (1987).

180. W. Drube and F.J. Himpsel, Minority-spin states for V and Mn on Ag(111) by inverse photoemission, Phys. Rev. B35, 4131 (1987).

181. R. Imbihl, J.E. Demuth, F.J. Himpsel, P.M. Marcus, and W.A. Thompson, Structure Analysis of Ge(111)1´1H by low energy electron diffraction, Phys. Rev. B36, 5037 (1987).

182. W. Drube and F.J. Himpsel, Resonant inverse photoemission via plasmons, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 140 (1988).

183. J.A. Yarmoff, D.R. Clarke, W. Drube, U.O. Karlsson, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, and F.J. Himpsel, Valence electronic structure of Y1Ba2Cu3O7, Phys. Rev. B36, 3967 (1987).

184. W. Drube, F.J. Himpsel and R. Ludeke, Inverse photoemission from surface and interface states of III-V semiconductors, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 5, 930 (1987).

185. G. Hollinger, E. Bergignat, H. Chermette, F.J. Himpsel, D. Lohez, M. Lannoo, and M. Bensoussan, Anomalous bonding in SiO2 at the SiO2-Si interface, Phil. Mag. B55, 735 (1987).

186. F.J. Himpsel, U.O. Karlsson, J.F. Morar, D. Rieger, and J.A. Yarmoff, Microscopic model for the epitaxy of CaF2 on Si(111), Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 94, 181 (1987).

187. F.J. Himpsel, Photoemission and inverse photoemission from semiconductor interfaces, in: Semiconductor Interfaces: Formation and Properties, Proceedings of the Workshop, Les Houches, ed. by G. Le Lay, J. Derrien, and N. Boccara, Springer Proceedings in Physics 22, Springer (Berlin) 1987, p. 196.

188. F.J. Himpsel, Inverse Photoemission, J. Phys. Chem. Solids (Perspectives) 49, 3 (1988).

189. W. Drube and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied surface states of 1x1 Sb overlayers on GaAs(110) and InP(110), Phys. Rev. B37, 855 (1988).

190. F.J. Himpsel, J.F. Morar and J.A. Yarmoff, Surface Physics in Si MBE, in: Silicon Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Silicon Molecular Beam Epitaxy, ed. by J.C. Bean and L.J. Schowalter, Proceedings Volume 88-8 The Electrochemical Society, Pennington NJ (1988), p. 170.

A similar article is published in J. Electrochem. Soc. 135, 2844 (1988).

191. F.J. Himpsel, F.R. Mc Feely, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, J.A. Yarmoff, and G. Hollinger, Microscopic structure of the SiO2/Si interface, Phys. Rev. B38, 6084 (1988).

192. J.A. Yarmoff, D.R. Clarke, W. Drube, U.O. Karlsson, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, and F.J. Himpsel, Electronic structure of Y1Ba2Cu3O7, Thin film processing and characterization of high-temperature superconductors, ed. by J.M.E. Harper, R.J. Colton, and L.C. Feldman, AIP Conference Proceedings 165, 264 (1988).

193. A.G. Schrott, S.L. Cohen, T.R. Dinger, F.J. Himpsel, J.A. Yarmoff, K.G. Frase, S.I. Park, R. Purtell, Photoemission study of grain boundary segregation in Y1Ba2Cu3O7, Thin film processing and characterization of high-temperature superconductors, ed. by J.M.E. Harper, R.J. Colton, and L.C. Feldman, AIP Conference Proceedings 165, 349 (1988).

194. A.B. McLean and F.J. Himpsel, The band dispersion of an interface state: CaF2/Si(111), Phys. Rev. 39, 1457 (1989).

195. T.C. Chiang and F.J. Himpsel, Band structure and core levels of tetrahedrally-bonded semiconductors, Section 2.1 of Landolt-Börnstein, Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, III/23a, Electronic Structure of Solids: Photoemission Spectra and Related Data, ed. by A. Goldmann and E.E. Koch, Springer (Berlin 1989), p. 10.

196. W. Drube, F.J. Himpsel, and P.J. Feibelman, Inverse of the photoelectric effect in Al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2070 (1988).

197. F.J. Himpsel, U.O. Karlsson, J.F. Morar, D. Rieger, and J.A. Yarmoff, Reply to the Comment by C.T. Chen and F. Sette on "Determination of Interface States for CaF2/Si(111) from Near-Edge X-Ray-Absorption Measurements", Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 161 (1988).

198. F.J. Himpsel, U.O. Karlsson, F.R. Mc Feely, J.F. Morar, D. Rieger, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi and J.A. Yarmoff, Dielectrics on Semiconductors, Materials Science and Engineering B1, 9 (1988).

199. W. Drube, R. Ludeke, and F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission studies of ideal 1´1 overlayers on semiconductors, Proceedings of the 19th Int. Conf. on the Physics of Semiconductors, Warsaw 1988, ed. by W. Zawadzki, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw (1988), p. 637.

200. F.J. Himpsel, B.S. Meyerson, F.R. Mc Feely, J.F. Morar, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, and J.A. Yarmoff, Core Level Spectroscopy at Silicon Surfaces and Interfaces, Proceedings of the Enrico Fermi School on "Photoemission and Absorption Spectroscopy of Solids and Interfaces with Synchrotron Radiation", ed by M. Campagna and R. Rosei, North Holland (Amsterdam 1990), p. 203.

201. J.J. Barton and F.J. Himpsel, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Proceedings of the Enrico Fermi School on "Photoemission and Absorption Spectroscopy of Solids and Interfaces with Synchrotron Radiation", ed by M. Campagna and R. Rosei, North Holland (Amsterdam 1990), p. 429.

202. F.J. Himpsel, F.R. Mc Feely, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, J.A. Yarmoff, and G. Hollinger, Microscopic Structure of the SiO2/Si Interface, in: "The Physics and Chemistry of SiO2 and the SiO2/Si Interface", ed. by C.R. Helms and B.E. Deal, Plenum (New York, 1988), p. 219.

203. F.J. Himpsel, G.V. Chandrashekhar, A.B. Mc Lean, and M.W. Shafer, Orientation of O2p holes in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8, Phys. Rev. B38, 11946 (1988).

204. F.J. Himpsel, G.V. Chandrashekhar, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, A.B. McLean, and M.W. Shafer, Characterization of Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8, AIP Conf. Proc. 182, 289 (1989).

205. F.J. Himpsel, T.F. Heinz, A.B. McLean, and E. Palange, Bonding at Silicon/Insulator Interfaces, Applied Surface Science 41/42, 346 (1989).

206. F.K. LeGoues, R. Rosenberg, T. Nguyen, F. Himpsel and B.S. Meyerson, Oxidation studies of SiGe, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 1724 (1989).

207. W. Drube, F.J. Himpsel, G.V. Chandrashekhar, and M.W. Shafer, Empty states near the Fermi level in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8, Phys. Rev. B 39, 7328 (1989).

208. F.J. Himpsel, T.F. Heinz, A.B. McLean, E. Palange and E. Burstein, Two-dimensional energy bands at the CaF2/Si(111) interface, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 7, 879 (1989).

209. T.F. Heinz, F.J. Himpsel, E. Palange and E. Burstein, Electronic transitions at the CaF2/Si(111) interface probed by resonant three-wave mixing spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 644 (1989).

210. D.E. Eastman and F.J. Himpsel, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Encyclopedia of Physics, ed. by R.G. Lerner and G.L.Trigg, second edition, VCH Publishers (New York 1991), p. 908.

211. F.J. Himpsel and A.G. Schrott, Surface and grain boundary analysis of high temperature superconductors, Scanning Microscopy 3, 711 (1989).

212. A.B. McLean and F.J. Himpsel, Resonant inverse photoemission study of layer-dependent surface states at the epitaxial GaAs(110)-Bi interface, Phys. Rev. B 40, 8425 (1989).

213. F.J. Himpsel, Determination of the Electronic Structure of Solids, Chapter 4 in: Electronic Materials: A New Era of Materials Science, ed. by J.R. Chelikowsky and A. Franciosi, Springer (Berlin 1991), p. 41.

214. F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission: Fundamentals and applications to semiconductors, Physica Scripta T31, 171 (1990).

215. E. Kaxiras, K.C. Pandey, F.J. Himpsel and R.M. Tromp, Electronic states due to surface doping: Si(111)-(Ö3´Ö3)B, Phys. Rev. B41, 1262 (1990).

216. A.B. Mc Lean, L.J. Terminello, and F.J.Himpsel, The electronic structure of Si(111)-(Ö3´Ö3)B studied by Si 2p and B 1s core-level spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B41, 7694 (1990).

217. L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, F.R. Mc Feely, and A.B. McLean,Si2Cl6 and Si2H6 adsorption on CaF2/Si(111), J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 8, 3038 (1990).

218. F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission from semiconductors, Surface Science Reports 12, 1 (1990).

219. L.J. Terminello, A.B. Mc Lean, A. Santoni, E. Spiller and F.J. Himpsel, Low pass filter for soft X-ray monochromators, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1626 (1990).

220. B.S. Meyerson, F.J. Himpsel, and K.J. Uram, Bistable conditions for low temperature silicon epitaxy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1034 (1990).

221. A. Santoni and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied energy bands, exchange splitting, and self-energy of iron, Phys. Rev. B43, 1305 (1991).

222. F.J. Himpsel, Image states at ferromagnetic surfaces: Fe(110),(100),(111) and Co(0001), Phys. Rev. B43, 13394 (1991).

223. F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied electronic states at surfaces, in: Surface Physics and Related Topics, Festschrift for Xide Xie, ed. by Fu-Jia Yang, Guang-Jiong Ni, Xun Wang, Kai-Ming Zhang and Dong Lu, World Scientific (Singapore 1991), p. 179.

224. F.J. Himpsel, U. O. Karlsson, A. B. McLean, L. J. Terminello, F. M. F de Groot, M. Abbate, J. C. Fuggle, J. A. Yarmoff,B. T. Thole and G. A. Sawatzky, Fine structure of the Ca2p absorption edge, Phys. Rev. B43, 6899 (1991).

225. A. Santoni, L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, and T. Takahashi, Mapping the Fermi surface of graphite with a display-type photoelectron spectrometer, Appl. Phys. A 52, 299 (1991).

226. Maria Ronay, A. Santoni, A.G. Schrott, L.J. Terminello, S.P. Kowalczyk and F.J. Himpsel, A new correlation for Tc from Cu 2p absorption, Solid State Commun. 77, 699 (1991).

227. F.J. Himpsel, Magnetic band structure at the Fe / GaAs(110) interface, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1920 (1991).

228. F.J. Himpsel, Exchange splitting of epitaxial fcc Fe/Cu(100) versus bcc Fe/Ag(100), Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2363 (1991).

229. L.J. Terminello, D.K. Shuh, F.J. Himpsel, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, J. Stöhr, D.S. Bethune, and G. Meijer, Unfilled orbitals of C60 and C70 from carbon K-shell X-ray absorption fine structure, Chem. Phys. Lett. 182, 491 (1991).

230. F.J. Himpsel, W. Drube, A.B. McLean, and A. Santoni, Layer-by-layer electronic structure at semiconductor-metal interfaces: Band gap and magnetism, Applied Surf. Sci. 56-58, 160 (1992).

231. F.J. Himpsel, Fe on Au(100): Quantum well states down to a monolayer, Phys. Rev. B44, 5966 (1991).

232. F.J. Himpsel, Correlation between magnetic splitting and magnetic moment for 3d transition metals, J. Magn. Magn. Mat. 102, 261 (1991).

233. D.A. Lapiano-Smith, E.A. Eklund, F.J. Himpsel, L.J. Terminello, Epitaxy of LiF on Ge(100), Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2097 (1991).

234. M.E. Haugan, Quibiao Chen, M. Onellion, and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied states of Cr on Au(100), Ag(100), and Cu(100), Phys. Rev. B 49, 14 028 (1994).

235. F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission at semiconductor surfaces, Chapter 3 in: Handbook on Semiconductors, 2nd Edition, ed. by T.S. Moss, Vol. 2, ed. by M. Balkanski, Elsevier (Amsterdam 1994), p. 161.

236. J.A. Yarmoff, D.K. Shuh, T.D. Durbin, C.W. Lo, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, F.R. McFeely, amd F.J. Himpsel, Atomic layer epitaxy of silicon by dichlorosilane studied with core level spectroscopy, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 10, 2303 (1992).

237. F.J. Himpsel and J.E. Ortega, Unoccupied Orbitals of C and O on Fe(100), Surf. Sci. 268, L279 (1992).

238. J.E. Ortega and F.J. Himpsel, Quantum well states as mediators of magnetic coupling in superlattices, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 844 (1992).

Reproduced in: Selected Papers in Physics VII, "Giant Magnetoresistance", ed. by T. Shinjo and S. Maekawa, The Physical Society of Japan (1996), p. 61.

239. F.J. Himpsel, Comment on "Dimer charge asymmetry determined by photoemission from epitaxial Ge on Si(100)-(2´1)", Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 551 (1992).

240. F.J. Himpsel, L.J. Terminello, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, E.A. Eklund, and J.J. Barton, Band dispersion of localized valence states in LiF(100), Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3611 (1992).

241. F.J. Himpsel and J.E. Ortega, Electronic structure of Cu(100), Ag(100), Au(100), and Cu3Au(100) from inverse photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 46, 9719 (1992).

242. F.J. Himpsel, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, J.F. Morar, and J. Bevk, Local bonding at SiO2/Si interfaces, Proceedings of the Second Symposium on "The Physics and Chemistry of SiO2 and the Si-SiO2 Interface 2", ed. by C.R. Helms and B.E. Deal, Plenum Press, New York (1993), p. 237.

243. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Quantum well states and magnetic coupling between ferromagnets through a noble metal layer, Phys. Rev. B 47, 1540 (1993).

244. R. Fischer, N. Fischer, S. Schuppler, Th. Fauster, and F.J. Himpsel, Image States on Co(0001) and Fe(110) Probed by Two-Photon Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 46, 9691 (1992).

245. G.J. Mankey, R.F. Willis, and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied electronic states of ultrathin Co/Cu(111) and Fe/Cu(111), Phys. Rev. B 47, 190 (1993).

246. J.E. Ortega and F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission study of Ge(100), Si(100), and GaAs(100): Bulk bands and surface states, Phys. Rev. B 47, 2130 (1993).

247. F.J. Himpsel, Spectroscopy of buried interfaces, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 62, 51 (1993).

248. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Quantum well states and magnetic coupling between noble metals and ferromagnets, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 5771 (1993).

249. Dongqi Li, P.A. Dowben, J.E. Ortega, and F.J. Himpsel, Experimental determination of the unoccupied bands of W(110), Phys. Rev. B 47, 12 895 (1993).

250. F.J. Himpsel, Photoelectron spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation, Proceedings of the workshop on "Optical Properties of Solids", Brazilian Journal of Physics 23, 31 (1993).

251. G.J. Mankey, R.F. Willis, and F.J. Himpsel, Band structure of the Magnetic fcc pseudomorphs: Ni(100), Co(100), and Fe(100), Phys. Rev. B 48, 10 284 (1993).

252. J.E. Ortega and F.J. Himpsel, Inverse photoemission from V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co monolayers on Ag(100), Phys. Rev. B 47, 16 441 (1993).

253. D.A. Lapiano-Smith, F.J. Himpsel, and L.J. Terminello, The chemisorption and reaction of diethylsilane on silicon (100) and (111) surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 5842 (1993).

254. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Electronic States in Magnetic Quantum Wells and Monolayers, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, A189 (1993).

255. F.J. Himpsel, Epitaxy of CaF2/Si(111) and LiF/Ge(100), in "Adsorption on ordered surfaces of ionic solids and thin films", ed. by H.-J. Freund and E. Umbach, Springer Series in Surface Sciences, Vol. 33, Springer (Heidelberg, 1993), p. 3.

256. F.J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure of Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces, Special Edition "Surface Science: The First Thirty Years", Surface Science 299/300, 525 (1994).

257. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Electronic States in Magnetic Quantum Wells, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 313, 143 (1993).

258. D.A. Lapiano-Smith, F.J. Himpsel, and L.J. Terminello, A Soft X-ray Photoemission Study of Chemisorption and Reaction of Diethylsilane on Si(100), Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 307, 155 (1993).

259. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, Dongqi Li, and P.A.Dowben, Initial and Final State Contributions to the Core Level Shifts for Gd(0001), Solid State Commun. 91, 807 (1994).

260. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, R. Haight, and D.R. Peale, One-dimensional Image State on Stepped Cu(100), Phys. Rev. B 49, 13 859 (1994).

261. F.J. Himpsel, Experimental Probes of the Surface Electronic Structure, Chapter 6 in: Handbook of Surface Science, Vol. 2, ed. by K. Horn and M. Scheffler, Elsevier (Amsterdam 2000), p. 357.

262. J.E. Ortega and F.J. Himpsel, Influence of Steps on Quantum Well States in Cu/Co(100) Multilayers, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 121 (1994).

263. G.J. Mankey, R.F. Willis, J.E. Ortega and F.J. Himpsel, Quantum Size Effects in Ultrathin Cu(100) films, J. Vac. Sci Technol. A 12, 2183 (1994).

264. Dongqi Li, P.A. Dowben, J.E. Ortega, and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied Surface Electronic Structure of Gd(0001), Phys. Rev. B 49, 7734 (1994).

265. F.J. Himpsel and J.E. Ortega, Edge State and Terrace State for Cu on W(331) and W(110), Phys. Rev. B 50, 4992 (1994).

266. J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, A.V. Hamza, E.A. Hudson, E.L. Shirley, F.J. Himpsel, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, R.C.C. Perera, D.K. Shuh, S.G. Louie, J. Stöhr, M.G. Samant, and D.L. Ederer, Occupied and Unoccupied Orbitals of C60 and C70, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 256, 819 (1994).

267. Y.W. Mo and F.J. Himpsel, Spectroscopic Signature of Cu on W(110) from Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Inverse Photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 50, 7868 (1994).

268. F.J. Himpsel, Magnetic Quantum Structures, Journal de Physique, Colloque C9, 75 (1994).

269. F.J. Himpsel, H. Akatsu, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, E.A. Hudson, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, R.C.C. Perera, M.G. Samant, J. Stöhr, and D.L. Ederer, Core level spectroscopy of thin oxides and oxynitrides, Proceedings of the Symposium on "Silicon Nitride and Silicon Dioxide Thin Insulating Films", Electrochemical Society, submitted.

270. J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, E.A. Hudson, E.L. Shirley, F.J. Himpsel, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, R.C.C. Perera, S.G. Louie, J. Stöhr, M.G. Samant, and D.L. Ederer, Occupied and Unoccupied Orbitals of C60 and C70 with C1s emission and absorption, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 349, 245 (1994).

271. F.J. Himpsel, Core level spectroscopy at surfaces and interfaces, Acta Phys. Pol. A 86, 771 (1994).

272. F.J. Himpsel, Low-dimensional electronic states at metal surfaces: quantum wells and quantum wires, Surf. Rev. Lett. 2, 81 (1995).

273. F.J. Himpsel, J. E. Ortega, G.J. Mankey, and R.F Willis, Electronic structure of multilayers: Nature of the magnetic interlayer interaction, Vacuum 46, 1133 (1995).

274. J.A. Carlisle, E.L. Shirley, E.A. Hudson, L.J. Terminello, T.A. Callcott, J.J. Jia, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, and F.J. Himpsel, Probing the graphite band structure with resonant soft x-ray fluorescence, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1234 (1995).

275. D.G.J. Sutherland, F.J. Himpsel, L.J. Terminello, K.M. Baines, J.A. Carlisle, I. Jimenenz, D.K. Shuh, and W.M. Tong, The chemisorption of H2C[Si(CH3)3]2 and Si6(CH3)12 on Si(100) surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 3567 (1997).

276. F.J. Himpsel and I. Lindau, Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra, Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, Vol. 13, ed. by G.L. Trigg and E.H. Immergut, VCH Publishers, New York 1995, p. 477.

277. J.A. Carlisle, E.L. Shirley, L.J. Terminello, E.A. Hudson, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, D.L. Ederer, and F.J. Himpsel, Resonant fluorescence studies of novel materials, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 375, 15 (1995).

278. F.J. Himpsel, Y.W. Mo, T. Jung, J.E. Ortega, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Quantum well and quantum wire states at metal surfaces, Superlattices and Microstructures 15, 237 (1994).

279. T. Jung, Y.W. Mo, and F.J. Himpsel, Identification of metals in scanning tunneling microscopy via image states, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1641 (1995).

280. J.A. Carlisle, R.C.C. Perera, J.H. Underwood, L.J. Terminello, E.A. Hudson, T.A. Callcott, J.J. Jia, D.L. Ederer, and F.J. Himpsel, Characterizing buried interfaces using resonant soft x-ray fluorescence, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 34 (1995).

281. E.L. Shirley, L.J. Terminello, A. Santoni, and F.J. Himpsel, Brillouin-zone selection effects in graphite photoelectron angular distributions, Phys. Rev. B 51, 13614 (1995).

282. F.J. Himpsel, Y.W. Mo, T. Jung, J.E. Ortega, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Low-dimensional Electronic States on Metal Surfaces: Quantum Wells and Quantum Wires, in: "Electronic Surface and Interface States on Metallic Systems", ed. by E. Bertel and M. Donath, World Scientific, Singapore (1995), p. 265.

283. J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, J. Yurkas, A.W. Ellis, F.J. Himpsel, M.G. Samant, J. Stöhr, D.L. Ederer, J.A. Carlisle, E.A. Hudson, L.J. Terminello, D.K. Shuh, and R.C.C. Perera, First Experimental Results from the IBM/TENN/TULANE/LLNL/LBL Undulator Beamline at the ALS, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1394 (1995).

284. O. Rader, W. Gudat, C. Carbone, E. Vescovo, S. Blügel, R. Kläsges, W. Eberhardt, M. Wuttig, J. Redinger, and F.J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure of a Two-Dimensional Magnetic Alloy: c(2´2) Mn on Cu(100) and Ni(100), Phys. Rev. B 55, 5404 (1997).

285. F.J. Himpsel and O. Rader, Quantum Well States in Ni/Cu/Ni Spin Valve Structures, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1151 (1995).

286. T. Jung, R. Schlittler, J.K. Gimzewski, and F.J. Himpsel, One-Dimensional Metal Structures at Decorated Steps, Applied Physics A 61, 467 (1995).

287. T.D. Durbin, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, F.R. McFeely, F.J. Himpsel, and J.A. Yarmoff, The chemisorption and reaction of dichlorosilane on Ge(100) and Ge(111) surfaces, Surf. Sci. 330, 147 (1995).

288. F. J. Himpsel, D.A. Lapiano-Smith, H. Akatsu, J. A. Carlisle, E. A. Hudson, L. J. Terminello, T. A. Calcott, J. J. Jia, M. G. Samant, J. Stohr, D. L. Ederer, R. C. C. Perera, D. K. Shuh, Surface Physics with Synchrotron Radiation, in: Synchrotron Radiation Techniques in Industrial, Chemical, and Materials Science, K. L. D'Amico, L.J. Terminello, and D. K. Shuh eds., Plenum Press, New York, 1996, p. 207.

289. E.L. Shirley, L.J. Terminello, J.E. Klepeis, and F.J. Himpsel, Detailed theoretical photoelectron angular distributions for LiF(100), Phys. Rev. B. 53, 10296 (1996).

290. J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, E.L. Shirley, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, A. Asfaw, D.L. Ederer, F.J. Himpsel, and R.C.C. Perera, Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering in hexagonal boron nitride observed by soft X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4054 (1996).

291. F.J. Himpsel, Quantized electronic states in nano-structures, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 75, 187 (1995).

292. D.G.J. Sutherland, H. Akatsu, M. Copel, F.J. Himpsel, T. Callcott, J.A. Carlisle, D. Ederer, J.J. Jia, I. Jimenez, R. Perera, D.K. Shuh, L.J. Terminello, and W.M. Tong, Stochiometry reversal in the growth of thin oxynitride films on Si(100) surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6761 (1995).

293. C. Hwang and F.J. Himpsel, Electronic States Induced by Interface Doping of Cu/Ni(100) with Co, Phys. Rev. B 52, 15368 (1995).

294. J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, A. Asfaw, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, E.L. Ederer, F.J. Himpsel, and R.C.C. Perera, Occupied electronic states of CaSi2 and CaSi: Soft-x-ray-fluorescence spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B 52, 4904 (1995).

295. F.J. Himpsel, H. Akatsu, J.A. Carlisle, D.G.J. Sutherland, I. Jimenez, L.J. Terminello, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, M.G. Samant, J. Stöhr, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, W. Tong, and D.K. Shuh, Surface and interface analysis at 3rd generation light sources, Progress in Surface Science 50, 37 (1995).

296. D.G.J. Sutherland, H. Akatsu, M. Copel, F.J. Himpsel, T. Callcott, J.A. Carlisle, D. Ederer, J.J. Jia, I. Jimenez, R. Perera, D.K. Shuh, L.J. Terminello, and W.M. Tong, Stochiometry reversal and depth profiling in the growth of thin oxynitride films with N2O on Si(100) surfaces, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.80, 133 (1996).

297. D.M. Gruen, A.R. Krauss, C.D. Zuiker, R. Csencsits, L.J. Terminello, J.A. Carlisle, I. Jimenez, D.G.J Sutherland, D.K. Shuh, W. Tong, and F.J. Himpsel, Characterization of nanocrystalline diamond films by core-level photoabsorption, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1640 (1996).

298. D.L. Ederer, J.A. Carlisle, J. Jimenez, J.J. Jia, K. Osborn, T.A. Callcott, R.C.C. Perera, J.H. Underwood, L.J. Terminello, A. Asfaw, and F.J. Himpsel, Study of buried interfaces by soft X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy excited by synchrotron radiation, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A14, 859 (1996).

299. I. Jimenez, D.G.J. Sutherland, W.M. Tong, D.K. Shuh, J.A. Carlisle, A. Jankowski, L.J. Terminello, G.L. Doll, J.V. Mantese, and F.J. Himpsel, Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure study of bonding modifications in BN thin films by ion implantation, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2816 (1996).

300. F.J. Himpsel, Nanodrähte auf Metalloberflächen, Phys. Bl. 52, 138 (1996).

301. D.G.J. Sutherland, K. Pakbaz, L.J. Terminello, S.C. Williams, P. Elliker, G. Fox, T.W. Hagler, H.W. Lee, T.A. Callcott, J.A. Carlisle, D.L. Ederer, F.J. Himpsel, J.J. Jia, I. Jimenez, D.K. Shuh, and W.M. Tong, Photo-oxidation of electroluminescent polymers studied by core-level photoabsorption spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2046 (1996).

302. J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Quantum well states in metallic thin layers, Surf. Rev. Lett. 4, 361 (1997).

303. F.J. Himpsel, T. Jung, and J.E. Ortega, Nanowires on Stepped Metal Surfaces, Surf. Rev. Lett. 4, 371 (1997).

304. F.J. Himpsel, T. Jung, R. Schlittler, and J.K. Gimzewski, Element-specific contrast in STM via resonant tunneling, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 35, 3695 (1996).

305. X.Y. Wang, X.J. Shen, R.M. Osgood, R. Haight, and F.J. Himpsel, Observation of lateral superlattice effects on stepped Cu(100), Phys. Rev. B 53, 15738 (1996).

306. T.A. Callcott, J.J. Jia, L. Zhou, D.L. Ederer, L.J. Terminello, J.A. Carlisle, R.C.C. Perera, M.G. Samant, F.J. Himpsel, and E.T. Arakawa, Applications of soft X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy in materials science, MRS Spring Meeting, April 8-12, 1996, submitted.

307. R.C.C. Perera, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, and D.L. Ederer, Resonant Inelastic Scattering in Localized Solid Systems by Soft X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 79, 139 (1996).

308. T. Jung, F.J. Himpsel, R.R. Schlittler, and J.K. Gimzewski, Chemical Information from Scanning Probe Microscopy and Spectroscopy, Chapter 2 in: Scanning Probe Microscopy, Analytical Methods, ed. by R. Wiesendanger, Springer, Berlin 1998, p. 11.

309. F.J. Himpsel, T. Jung, and P.F. Seidler, Electronic States in Magnetic Nanostructures, IBM Journal of Research and Development 42, 33 (1998).

310. F.J. Himpsel, J.E. Ortega, G.J. Mankey, and R.F. Willis, Magnetic Nanostructures, Advances in Physics 47, 511 (1998).

311. I. Jiménez, A.F. Jankowski, L.J. Terminello, D.G.J. Sutherland, J.A. Carlisle, G.L. Doll, J.V. Mantese, W.M. Tong, D.K. Shuh, and F.J. Himpsel, Core Level Photoabsorption Study of Defects and Metastable Bonding Configurations in Boron Nitride, Phys. Rev. B 55, 12 025 (1997).

312. K. Lawniczak-Jablonska, J.J. Jia, L. Lin, M.M. Grush, T.A. Callcott, A. Asfaw, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, D.L. Ederer, J.H. Underwood, and R.C.C. Perera, Resonant Inelastic Scattering in Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors by Soft X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. A 65, 173 (1997).

313. O. Rader, E. Vescovo, M. Wuttig, D.D. Sarma, S. Blügel, F.J. Himpsel, A. Kimura, K.S. An, T. Mizokawa, A. Fujimori, and C. Carbone, Correlation Satellite Driven by Reduced Dimensionality, Europhys. Lett. 39, 429 (1997).

314. I. Jiménenz, L.J. Terminello, D.G.J. Sutherland, J.A. Carlisle, E.L. Shirley, and F.J. Himpsel, Accurate Valence Band Width of Diamond, Phys. Rev. B 56, 7215 (1997).

315. J. Jimenez-Mier, D.L. Ederer, U. Diebold, A. Moewes, T.A. Callcott, L. Zhou, J.J. Jia, J. Carlisle, E. Hudson, L.J. Terminello, A. Asfaw, F.J. Himpsel, and R.C.C. Perera, Raman scattering at the L-edge of transition metals, in Raman Emission by X-Ray Scattering, ed. by D.L. Ederer and J.H. McGuire, World Scientific, Singapore, 1996, p. 71.

316. D.L. Ederer, J.A. Carlisle, J. Jimenez, J.J. Jia, Ling Zhou, T.AS. Callcott, R.C.C. Perera, A. Moewes, L.J. Terminello, E. Shirley, A. Asfaw, J. van Ek, E. Morikawa, and F.J. Himpsel, Soft X-ray emission excited resonantly and nonresonantly by synchrotron radiation, AIP Conference Proceedings 389, 749 (1997).

317. J. Viernow, M. Henzler, W.L. O’Brien, F.K. Men, F.M. Leibsle, D.Y. Petrovykh, J.L. Lin, and F.J. Himpsel, Unoccupied Surface States on Si(111) Ö3´Ö3 - Ag, Phys. Rev. B 57, 2321 (1998).

318. D.Y. Petrovykh, F.J. Himpsel, and T. Jung, Width Distribution of Nanowires Grown by Step Decoration, Surf. Sci. 407, 189 (1998).

319. F.J. Himpsel, R. Treusch, , I. Jimenez, A. F. Jankowski, D. G. J. Sutherland, L. J. Terminello, C. Heske, R. C. C. Perera, D. K. Shuh, W. M. Tong, J. H. Underwood, J. A. Carlisle, T. A. Callcott, J. J. Jia, D. L. Ederer, D. M. Gruen, A. R. Krauss, D. C. Zuiker, G. L. Doll, Core level spectroscopy for surface analysis, in: Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology, Vol. CR69, ed. by R.A. Lessard and H. Franke, SPIE (Bellingham 1997), p. 357.

320. C. Heske, R. Treusch, F.J. Himpsel, S. Kakar, L.J. Terminello, H.J. Weyer, and E.L. Shirley, Band Widening in Graphite, Phys. Rev. B 59, 4680 (1999).

321. M.M. García, I. Jímenez, L. Vázquez, C. Gomez-Aleixandre, J.M. Albella, O. Sánchez, L.J. Terminello, and F.J. Himpsel, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy study of bias-enhanced nucleation of diamond films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2105 (1998).

322. Jingxi Sun, Dong Ju Seo, W. L. O'Brien, F. J. Himpsel, T. F. Kuech, Chemical Bonding on GaAs (001) Surfaces Passivated Using SeS2, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 484, 589 (1998).

323. J. Viernow, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. M. Leibsle, F. K. Men, and F.J. Himpsel, Regular Step Arrays on Silicon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 948 (1998).

324. J. Viernow, D. Y. Petrovykh, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, F. K. Men, M. Henzler, and F.J. Himpsel, Chemical Imaging of Insulators by STM, Phys. Rev. B 59, 10 356 (1999).

325. A. Curioni, W. Andreoni, R. Treusch, F.J. Himpsel, E. Haskal, P. Seidler, C. Heske, S. Kakar, T. van Buuren, and L.J. Terminello, Atom-resolved electronic spectra for Alq3 from theory and experiment, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1575 (1998).

326. Y. Uehara, D.W. Lindle, T.A. Callcott, L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, D.L. Ederer, J.H. Underwood, E.M. Gullikson, and R.C.C. Perera, Resonant inelastic scattering at the L edge of Ti in Barium Strontium Titanate by soft X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. A 65, 179 (1997).

327. J. -L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, J. Viernow, F. K. Men, D. J. Seo, and F.J. Himpsel, Formation of Regular Step Arrays on Si(111)7´ 7, J. Appl. Phys. 84, 255 (1998).

328. Jingxi Sun, F.J. Himpsel, and T.F. Kuech, Controlled Surface Fermi-level on the SeS2-passivated n-GaAs (100), Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 510, 653 (1998).

329. I. Jiménez, D.G.J Sutherland, A. vand Buuren, J.A. Carlisle, L.J. Terminello, and F.J. Himpsel, Photoemission and photoabsorption stucy of boron carbide and its surface thermal stability, Phys. Rev. B 57, 13 167 (1998).

330. J.A. Carlisle, E.L. Shirley, L.J. Terminello, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, and F.J. Himpsel, Band structure and core hole effects in resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering, Phys. Rev. B 59, 7433 (1999).

331. J.E. Ortega, A. Närmann, K.N. Altmann, W. O’Brien, D.J. Seo, F.J. Himpsel, P. Segovia, A. Mascaraque, and E.G. Michel, Short wavelength, spin-polarized quantum well states in high quality Cu films on fcc-Co(100), J. Magn. Magn. Mat. 203, 126 (1999).

332. J. Viernow, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. K. Men, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, and F.J. Himpsel, Linear Arrays of CaF2 Nanostructures on Si, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2125 (1999).

333. F. J. Himpsel, Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS), Unit 8b.4 in Methods in Materials Research, a Current Protocols Publication, ed. by E. Kaufmann, Wiley (New York, 2000), p. 8b.4.1 .

334. D. Y. Petrovykh, K. N. Altmann, H. Höchst, M. Laubscher, S. Maat, G. J. Mankey, and F.J. Himpsel, Spin-Dependent Band Structure, Fermi Surface, and Carrier Lifetime of Permalloy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3459 (1998).

335. K. N. Altmann, W. O'Brien, D.J. Seo, F. J. Himpsel, J.E. Ortega, A. Närmann, P. Segovia, A. Mascaraque, E. G. Michel, Spin-Dependent Quantum Well States, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101-103, 367 (1999).

336. D. Y. Petrovykh, J. Viernow, J.-L. Lin, F. M. Leibsle, F. K. Men, A. Kirakosian, and F.J. Himpsel, Self-Assembled CaF2 Nanostructures on Silicon, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A17, 1415 (1999).

337. Jingxi Sun, Dong Ju Seo, W. L.O'Brien, F.J. Himpsel, and T.F.Kuech, Chemical bonding and electronic properties of the SeS2-treated GaAs(100), J. Appl. Phys. 85, 969 (1999).

338. R. Treusch, F.J. Himpsel, S. Kakar, L.J. Terminello, C. Heske, T. van Buuren, V.V. Dinh, H.W. Lee, K. Pakbaz, G. Fox, and I. Jímenez, X-ray photoemission and photoabsorption of organic electroluminescent materials, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 88 (1999).

339. F. J. Himpsel, K. N. Altmann, G. J. Mankey, J. E. Ortega, and D. Y. Petrovykh, Electronic States in Magnetic Nanostructures, J. Magn. Magn. Mat. 200, 456 (1999).

340. H. Rauscher, T.A. Jung, J.-L. Lin, A. Kirakosian, F.J. Himpsel, U. Rohr, and K. Müllen, One-dimensional confinement of organic molecules via selective adsorption on CaF1 versus CaF2, Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 363 (1999).

341. C. Heske , D. Eich, R. Fink, E. Umbach, T. van Buuren, C. Bostedt, L.J. Terminello, S. Kakar, M.M. Grush, T.A. Callcott, F.J. Himpsel, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, W. Riedl, and F. Karg, Observation of intermixing at the buried CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cell heterojunction, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1451 (1999).

342. C. Heske, D. Eich, R. Fink, E. Umbach, S. Kakar, T. van Buuren, C. Bostedt, L.J. Terminello, M.M. Grush, T.A. Callcott, F.J. Himpsel, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, W. Riedl, and F. Karg, Localization of Na impurities at the CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 heterojunction, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2082 (1999).

343. K.N. Altmann, D.Y. Petrovykh, G.J. Mankey, N. Shannon, N. Gilman, M. Hochstrasser, R. F. Willis, and F.J. Himpsel, Enhanced spin polarization of conduction electrons in Ni explained by comparison with Cu, Phys. Rev. B 61, 15661 (2000). cond-mat/0005296

344. K.N. Altmann, D.Y. Petrovykh, and F.J. Himpsel, High Resolution photoemission of the spin-dependent band structure of permalloy and nickel, Surface Science Spectra 6, 255 (2000).

345. J.-L. Lin, H. Rauscher, A. Kirakosian, F.J. Himpsel, and P.A. Dowben, Selective Adsorption of Metallocenes on Clean and Chemically Modified Si(111) Surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 5492 (1999).

346. F.J. Himpsel, Mirrors for Electrons, Science 283, 1655 (1999).

347. I. Jiménez, W. M. Tong, D. K. Shuh, B. C. Holloway, M. A. Kelly, P. Pianetta, L. J. Terminello, and F. J. Himpsel, Bonding modifications in carbon nitride films induced by thermal annealing: An x-ray absorption near edge study, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2620 (1999).

348. F.J. Himpsel, T. Jung, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, H. Rauscher, and J. Viernow, Nanowires by Step Decoration, MRS Bulletin 24 (8), 20 (1999).

349. K. N. Altmann, J. A. Con Foo, F. J. Himpsel, J. F. Kelly, M. G. Lagally, J. F. MacKay, W. L. O’Brien, J. E. Ortega, and D. Y. Petrovykh, Connection between Structure and Electronic Properties in Epitaxial Magnetic Layers, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 570, 141 (1999).

350. F.J. Himpsel, J.-L. Lin, D.Y. Petrovykh, and J. Viernow, Self-assembly of nanostructures at stepped surfaces, AIP Conf. Proc., submitted.

351. J.A. Carlisle, S.R. Blankenship, L.J. Terminello, J.J. Jia, T.A. Callcott, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, and F.J. Himpsel, Crystal-momentum-resolved electronic structure of solids using resonant soft-x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 110, 323 (2000).

352. F.J. Himpsel, Magnetic Quantum Wells, J. Phys. Cond. Matter 11, 9483 (1999).

353. F.J. Himpsel, Electronic and Magnetic Materials, in: Chemical Applications of Synchrotron Radiation, Part I, ed. by Tsun-Kong Sham, Advanced Series in Physical Chemistry, Vol. 12A (World Scientific, 2002), p. 605.

354. C. Heske, D. Eich, U. Groh, R. Fink, E. Umbach, T. van Buuren, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, L.J. Terminello, M.M. Grush, T.A. Callcott, F.J. Himpsel, D.L. Ederer, R.C.C. Perera, W. Riedl, and F. Karg, Self-limitation of Na content at the CdS/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cell heterojunction, Thin Solid Films 361-362, 360 (2000).

355. J.E. Ortega, S. Speller, A.R. Bachmann, A. Mascaraque, E.G. Michel, A. Närmann, A. Mugarza, A. Rubio, and F.J. Himpsel, Electron wave function at a vicinal surface: Switch from terrace to step modulation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6110 (2000).

356. Jingxi Sun, F. J. Himpsel, A. B. Ellis, and T. F. Kuech, In situ surface passivation of GaAs by thermal nitridation using metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 573, 15 (1999).

357. C.B. Stagarescu, X. Su, D.E. Eastman, K.N. Altmann, F.J. Himpsel, and A. Gupta, Orbital character of O 2p unoccupied states near the Fermi level in CrO2, Phys. Rev. B 61, R9233 (2000).

358. I. Jiménez, L.J. Terminello, F.J. Himpsel, M. Grush, and T.A. Callcott, Photoemission, X-ray absorption, and X-ray emission study of boron carbides, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101-103, 611 (1999).

359. R. Losio, K. N. Altmann, and F. J. Himpsel, Fermi surface of Si(111)7´ 7, Phys. Rev. B 61, 10845 (2000).

360. Jingxi Sun, K. A. Rickert, J.M. Redwing, A. B. Ellis, F. J. Himpsel, T. F. Kuech, p-GaN Surface Treatments for Metal Contacts, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 415 (2000).

361. E. H. Lay, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, D.Y. Petrovykh, J.N. Crain, R.R. Shah, N.L. Abbott, and F.J. Himpsel, Alignment of liquid crystals on stepped and passivated silicon templates prepared in ultra-high vacuum, Langmuir 16, 6731 (2000).

362. Adam Li, Feng Liu, D. Y. Petrovykh, J.-L. Lin, J. Viernow, F.J. Himpsel, and M.G. Lagally, Creation of "Quantum Platelets" via Strain-controlled Self-organization at Steps, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5380 (2000).

363. R. Losio, K. N. Altmann, and F. J. Himpsel, Continuous transition from two- to one-dimensional states in Si(111)5´ 2- Au, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 808 (2000).

364. A. Mugarza, J. E. Ortega, A. Mascaraque, E. G. Michel, K. Altmann, and F.J. Himpsel, Periodicity and thickness effects in the cross section of quantum well states, Phys. Rev. B 62, 12672 (2000).

365. J.E. Ortega, A. Mugarza, A. Närmann, A. Rubio, S. Speller, A.R. Bachmann, J. Lobo, E.G. Michel, and F.J. Himpsel, Transition from terrace to average-surface modulation in the surface state wave function at vicinal Cu(111), Surf. Sci. 482-485, 764 (2001).

366. J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, A. Kirakosian, H. Rauscher, F.J. Himpsel, and P.A. Dowben, Self-assembled Fe nanowires using organometallic chemical vapor deposition and CaF2 masks on stepped Si(111), Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 829 (2001).

367. A. Mugarza, J.E. Ortega, A. Mascaraque, E.G. Michel, K.N. Altmann, and F.J. Himpsel, Probing unoccupied bulk bands via the cross section of quantum well states in thin films, Surf. Sci. 482-485, 464 (2001).

368. F.J. Himpsel, A. Kirakosian, J. N. Crain, J.-L. Lin, and D. Y. Petrovykh, Self-assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures at silicon surfaces, Solid State Commun. 117, 149 (2001).

369. R. Losio, K. N. Altmann, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, and F. J. Himpsel, Band splitting for Si(557)-Au: Is it spin-charge separation?, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4632 (2001).

370. K. N. Altmann, N. Gilman, J. Hayoz, R. F. Willis, and F. J. Himpsel, Effect of Magnetic Doping on the Electronic States of Ni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 137201 (2001).

371. A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, J. N. Crain, and F.J. Himpsel, Functionalization of silicon step arrays I: Au passivation of stepped Si(111) templates, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3286 (2001).

372. J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, Y. Gu, R. R. Shah, N. L. Abbott, and F.J. Himpsel, Functionalization of silicon step arrays II: NEXAFS of oriented alkanes and DNA, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3291 (2001).

373. K. N. Altmann, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. J. Himpsel, and R. Losio, Electronic structure of atomic chains on vicinal Si(111)-Au, Phys. Rev. B 64, 035406 (2001).

374. A. Kirakosian, R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, Th. Fauster, J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, and F.J. Himpsel, Atomically accurate Si grating with 5.7 nm period, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1608 (2001).

375. F. J. Himpsel, K. N. Altmann, R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, J. L. McChesney, One-Dimensional Electronic States at Surfaces, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13, 11097 (2001).

376. K. A. Rickert, J. Sun, A. B. Ellis, F. J. Himpsel, and T. F. Kuech, n-GaN surface treatments for metal contacts studied via x-ray photoemission spectroscopy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 204 (2002).

377. F. J. Himpsel, K. N. Altmann, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, A. Liebsch, and V. P. Zhukov, Photoelectron spectroscopy of atomic wires, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 126, 89 (2002).

378. R.D. Peters, P.F. Nealey, J.N. Crain, and F.J. Himpsel, A Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy Investigation of the Structure of Self-Assembled Films of Octadecyltrichlorosilane, Langmuir 18, 1250 (2002).

379. A. Kirakosian, J. L. McChesney, R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, J.-L. Lin, and F. J. Himpsel, One-dimensional Gd-induced chain structures on Si(111) surfaces, Surf. Sci. 498, L109 (2002).

380. I. K. Robinson, P. A. Bennett, and F. J. Himpsel, Structure of Quantum Wires in Au/Si(557), Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 096104 (2002).
See also: I. K. Robinson, P. A. Bennett, F. J. Himpsel, Stepped Silicon Templates for Quantum Wire Structures, in 'Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces', ed. by B. N. Dev, World Scientific, Singapore 2003, p. 76.

381. K. A. Rickert, J. K. Kim, J.-L. Lee, F. J. Himpsel, A. B. Ellis, F. J. Himpsel, and T. F. Kuech, X-ray photoemission determination of the surface Fermi level motion and pinning on n- and p-GaN during the formation of Au, Ni, and Ti metal contacts, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 693, 843 (2002).

382. F. J. Himpsel and K. N. Altmann, Electronic States of Magnetic Materials, Ch. 6, "Solid-State Photoemission and Related Methods: Theory and Experiment", W. Schattke and M. A. Van Hove (Eds.), Wiley-VCH, Berlin 2003, p. 177-219.

383. R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, J. L. McChesney, D. Y. Petrovykh, and F. J. Himpsel, Atomic scale memory at a silicon surface, Nanotechnology 13, 499 (2002). cond-mat/0204251

384. F. K. Men, Feng Liu, P. J. Wang, C. H. Chen, D. L. Cheng, J. L. Lin, and F. J. Himpsel, Self-organized nanoscale pattern formation on vicinal Si(111) surfaces via a two-stage faceting transition, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 096105 (2002).

385. D. Y. Petrovykh, K. N. Altmann, J.-L. Lin, F. J. Himpsel, and F. M. Leibsle, Single domain Ca-induced reconstruction on vicinal Si(111), Surf. Sci. 512, 269 (2002).

386. C. J. Moore, K. N. Altmann, J. J. Bisognano, R. A. Bosch, D. Eisert, M. Fisher, M. A. Green, R. W. C. Hansen, F. J. Himpsel, H. Höchst, R. L. Julian, K. Kleman, T. Kubala, B. Pedley, G. C. Rogers, M. Severson, J. P. Stott, J. W. Taylor, W. S. Trzeciak, D. J. Wallace, R. Wehlitz, and M. Bissen, Current Status of the Synchrotron Radiation Center, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1677 (2002).

387. J. N. Crain, K. N. Altmann, C. Bromberger, and F. J. Himpsel, Fermi Surfaces of Surface States on Si(111) + Ag, Au, Phys. Rev. B 66, 205302 (2002). cond-mat/0205005

388. J. L. McChesney, A. Kirakosian, R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, J.-L. Lin, and F. J. Himpsel, Gd disilicide nanowires attached to Si(111) steps, Nanotechnology 15, 545 (2002). cond-mat/0205025

389. A. Kirakosian, J. N. Crain, J.-L. Lin, J. L. McChesney, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. J. Himpsel, and R. Bennewitz, Si adatoms on the Si(111)5´2-Au surface, Surf. Sci. 532-535, 928 (2003).

390. A. Mugarza, A. Mascaraque, V. Repain, S. Rousset, K. N. Altmann, F. J. Himpsel, Yu. M. Koroteev, E. V. Chulkov, F. J. García de Abajo, and J. E. Ortega, Lateral quantum wells at vicinal Au(111) studied with angle-resolved photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245419 (2002).

391. A. Mugarza, J. E. Ortega, F. J. Himpsel, and F. J. García de Abajo, Measurement of electron wave functions and confining potentials via photoemission, Phys. Rev. B 67, 081404 (R) (2003).

392. K. A. Rickert, A. B. Ellis, J. K. Kim, J.-L. Lee, F. J. Himpsel, F. Dwikusuma, and T. F. Kuech, X-ray photoemission determination of the Schottky barrier height of metal contacts to n-GaN and p-GaN, J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6671 (2002).

393. F. K. Men, P.J. Wang, C.H Chen, D. L.Cheng, J.-L. Lin, and F. J. Himpsel, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 648, 1.7.1 (2001).

394. F. J. Himpsel and I. Lindau, Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra, in: The Optics Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, Editors: Th.G. Brown, K. Creath, H. Kogelnik, M.A. Kriss, J. Schmit, and M.J. Weber, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004, p. 2343-2370.

395. A. Kirakosian, R. Bennewitz, F. J. Himpsel, and L. W. Bruch, Correlations in a one-dimensional lattice fluid on Si(111)5´2-Au; Phys. Rev. B 67, 205412 (2003).

396. J. N. Crain, K. N. Altmann, C. Bromberger, S. C. Erwin, A. Kirakosian, J. L. McChesney, J.-L. Lin, and F. J. Himpsel, Fractional band filling in an atomic chain structure, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 176805 (2003)

Erratum: Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 089902 (2004).

397. C. Bromberger, J. N. Crain, K. N. Altmann, J. J. Paggel, F. J. Himpsel, and D. Fick, Electronic structure of the single domain Si(111)3´1-Li surface, Phys. Rev. B 68, 075320 (2003).

398. K. Rickert, A. B. Ellis, F. J. Himpsel, H. Lu, W. Schaff, J. M. Redwing, F. Dwikusuma, and T. F. Kuech, X-ray photoemission spectroscopic investigation of surface treatments, metal deposition, and electron accumulation on InN, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3254 (2003).

399. J. N. Crain, J. L. McChesney, Fan Zheng, M. Gallagher, P. C. Snijders, M. Bissen, C. Gundelach, S. C. Erwin, and F. J. Himpsel, Chains of gold atoms with tailored electronic states, Phys. Rev. B 69, 125401 (2004).

400. D. Y. Petrovykh and F. J. Himpsel, Self-assembled nanostructures at silicon surfaces, in: Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, edited by H. S. Nalwa, American Scientific Publishers, Los Angeles (2004), Vol. 9, pp.497-528 (2004).

401. V. Pérez-Dieste, O. M. Castellini, J. N. Crain, M. A. Eriksson, A. Kirakosian, J.-L. Lin, J. L. McChesney, F. J. Himpsel, C. T. Black, and C. B. Murray, Thermal decomposition of surfactant coatings on Co and Ni nanocrystals, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5053 (2003).

402. Y.-Y. Luk, N. L. Abbott, J. N. Crain, and F. J. Himpsel, Dipole-induced structure in aromatic-terminated self-assembled monolayers -- A study by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10792 (2004).

403. V. Perez-Dieste, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, J. L. McChesney, E. Arenholz, A. T. Young, J. D. Denlinger, D. L. Ederer, T. A. Callcott, S.A. Lopez-Rivera, and F. J. Himpsel, Unoccupied orbitals of 3d transition metals in ZnS, Phys. Rev. B 70, 085205 (2004).

404. F. J. Himpsel, J. L. McChesney, J. N. Crain, A. Kirakosian, V. Pérez-Dieste, Nicholas L. Abbott, Yan-Yeung Luk, Paul F. Nealey, Dmitri Y. Petrovykh, Stepped Silicon Surfaces as Templates for One-Dimensional Nanostructures, J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14484 (2004).

405. J. L. McChesney, J. N. Crain, V. Pérez-Dieste, Fan Zheng, M. C. Gallagher, M. Bissen, C. Gundelach, and F. J. Himpsel, Electronic Stabilization of a Dopant Superlattice on Si(111)5´2-Au, Phys. Rev. B 70, 195430 (2004).

406. R. A. Stern, T. M. Schuler, J. M. MacLaren, D. L. Ederer, V. Perez-Dieste, and F. J. Himpsel, Calculated half-metallic behavior in dilute magnetically doped ZnS, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7468 (2004).

407. S. K. Ghose, I. K. Robinson, P. A. Bennett, F. J. Himpsel, Structure of double row quantum wires in Au/Si(553), Surf. Sci. 581, 199 (2005).

408. Fan Zheng, V. Pérez-Dieste, J. L. McChesney, Yan-Yeung Luk, Nicholas L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Detection and switching of the oxidation state of Fe in a self-assembled monolayer, Surf. Sci. 587, L191 (2005).

409. J. N. Crain, M. C. Gallagher, J. L. McChesney, M. Bissen, and F. J. Himpsel, Doping of a Surface Band on Si(111)Ö3´Ö3-Ag, Phys. Rev. B 72, 045312 (2005).

410. D. Y. Petrovykh, V. Pérez-Dieste, A. Opdahl, H. Kimura-Suda, J. M. Sullivan, M. J. Tarlov, F. J. Himpsel, and L. J. Whitman, Nucleobase orientation and ordering in films of single-stranded DNA on gold, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 2 (2006).

411. J. N. Crain and F. J. Himpsel, Low-dimensional electronic states at silicon surfaces, Appl. Phys. A 82, 431 (2006).

412. T. M. Schuler, R. A. Stern, R. McNorton, S. D. Willoughby, J. M. MacLaren, D. L. Ederer, V. Perez-Dieste, F. J. Himpsel, S.A. Lopez-Rivera, and T. A. Callcott, Electronic structure of the dilute magnetic semiconductor Zn0.90Mn0.10S obtained by soft x-ray spectroscopy and first principles calculations, Phys. Rev. B 72, 045211 (2005).

413. J.L. McChesney, J.N. Crain, F.J. Himpsel, and R. Bennewitz, Si(110)5´2-Au: A metallic chain structure, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035446 (2005).

414. N. Janke-Gilman, K. N. Altmann, F. J. Himpsel, and R. F. Willis, Tuning the spin-flip gap in transition-metal magnets by alloying, Phys. Rev. B 72, 064420 (2005).

415. I. Barke, Fan Zheng, A. R. Konicek, R. C. Hatch, and F. J. Himpsel, Electron-phonon interaction at the Si(111)7´7 surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 216801 (2006).

416. Xiaosong Liu, Chang-Hyun Jang, Fan Zheng, Astrid Jürgensen, J. D. Denlinger, Kimberly A. Dickson, Ronald T. Raines, Nicholas L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Characterization of Protein Immobilization at Silver Surfaces by NEXAFS, Langmuir 22, 7719 (2006).

417. Fan Zheng, J. L. McChesney, Xiaosong Liu, and F. J. Himpsel, Orientation of fluorophenols on Si(111) by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. B 73, 205315 (2006).

418. A. L. Schmitt, M. J. Bierman, D. Schmeisser, F. J. Himpsel, and Song Jin, Synthesis and properties of single-crystal FeSi nanowires, Nano Letters 6, 1617 (2006).

419. A. L. Schmitt, L. Zhu, D. Schmeisser, F. J. Himpsel, and Song Jin, Metallic single-crystal CoSi nanowires via chemical vapor deposition of single-source precursor, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 18142 (2006).

420. J. E. Ortega and F. J. Himpsel, Atomic chains at surfaces, Ch. 6, Lect. Notes Phys. 715, 147 (2007), Springer-Verlag Berlin.

421. D. Schmeisser, P. Hoffmann, F. Zheng, F. Himpsel, H. Stegmann, and E. Zschech, Chemical bonding in low-k dielectric materials for interconnect isolation: Characterization using XAS and EELS, AIP Conf. Proc. 817, 117 (2006).

422. I. Barke, Fan Zheng, T. K. Rügheimer, and F. J. Himpsel, Experimental evidence for spin-Split bands in a one-dimensional chain structure, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 226405 (2006).

423. T. K. Rügheimer, Th. Fauster, and F. J. Himpsel, Unoccupied electronic states in atomic chains on Si(557)-Au: Time-resolved two-photon photoemission investigation, Phys. Rev. B 75, 121401(R) (2007).

424. I. Barke, T. K. Rügheimer, Fan Zheng, and F. J. Himpsel, Atomically-precise self-assembly of one-dimensional structures on silicon, Appl. Surf. Sci. 254, 4 (2007).

425. Fan Zheng, Byoung-Nam Park, Soonjoo Seo, Paul G. Evans and F. J. Himpsel, Orientation of pentacene molecules on SiO2: From a monolayer to the bulk, J. Chem Phys. 126, 154702 (2007).

426. P. Hoffmann, D. Schmeisser, H.-J. Engelmann, E. Zschech, H. Stegmann, F. Himpsel, and J. Denlinger, Characterization of chemical bonding in low-k dielectric materials for interconnect isolation: A XAS and EELS study, Mat. Res. Soc. Conf. Proc. 914, 0914-F0-08 (2006).

427. M. Tallarida, D. Schmeisser, F. Zheng and F.J. Himpsel, X-ray absorption and photoemission spectroscopy of 3C- and 4H-SiC, Surf. Sci. 600, 3879 (2006).

428. D. Schmeißer, F. Zheng, V. Perez-Dieste, F.J. Himpsel, R. LoNigro, R.G. Toro, G. Malandrino and I.L. Fragalà, Silicate formation at the interface of Pr-oxide as a high-K dielectric and Si(001) surfaces, Materials Science and Engineering C 26, 1122 (2006).

429. I. Barke, R. Bennewitz, J. N. Crain, S. C. Erwin, A. Kirakosian, J. L. McChesney, and F. J. Himpsel, Low-dimensional electron gas at semiconductor surfaces (2007 Davisson-Germer prize lecture), Solid State Commun. 142, 617 (2007).

430. Xiaosong Liu, Fan Zheng, A. Jürgensen, V. Perez-Dieste, D. Y. Petrovykh, N. L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Self-assembly of biomolecules at surfaces characterized by NEXAFS, Can. J. Chem. 85, 793 (2007).

431. Sean P. Cullen, Xiaosong Liu, Ian Mandel, Franz J. Himpsel, and Padma Gopalan, Polymeric Brushes as Functional Templates for Immobilizing Ribonuclease A: Study of Binding Kinetics and Activity, Langmuir 24, 913 (2008).

432. H. Cheun, X. Liu, F. J. Himpsel, M. Knaapila, U. Scherf, M. Torkkeli, and M. J. Winokur, Polarized Optical Absorption Spectroscopy, NEXAFS, and GIXRD Measurements of Chain Alignment in Polyfluorene Thin Films, Macromolecules 41, 6463 (2008).

433. Shengxiang Ji, Guoliang Liu, Fan Zheng, Gordon S. W. Craig, F. J. Himpsel and Paul F. Nealey, Preparation of Neutral Wetting Brushes for Block Copolymer Films from Homopolymer Blends, Advanced Materials 20, 3054 (2008).

434. C. Euaruksakul, Z. W. Li, F. Zheng, F. J. Himpsel, C. S. Ritz, B. Tanto, D. E. Savage, X. S. Liu, and M. G. Lagally, Influence of Strain on the Conduction Band Structure of Strained Silicon Nanomembranes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 147403 (2008).

435. Yuk-Hong Ting, Sang-Min Park, Chi-Chun Liu, Xiaosong Liu, F. J. Himpsel, Paul F. Nealey, and Amy E. Wendt, Plasma etch removal of poly(methyl methacrylate) in block copolymer lithography, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26, 1684 (2008).

436. Shengxiang Ji, Chi-Chun Liu, Jeong Gon Son, Kevin Gotrik, Gordon S. W. Craig, Padma Gopalan, F. J. Himpsel, Kookheon Char, Paul F. Nealey, Generalization of the Use of Random Copolymers to Control the Wetting Behavior of Block Copolymer Films, Macromolecules 41, 9098 (2008).

437. Fan Zheng, I. Barke, Xiaosong Liu, and F. J. Himpsel, Molecular Nanostructures with Strong Dipole Moments on the Si(111)5x2-Au Surface, Nanotechnology 19, 445303 (2008).

438. Takashi Komesu, H. K. Jeong, David Wooton, Ya. B. Losovyj, J. N. Crain, M. Bissen, F. J. Himpsel, J. Petrosky, Jinke Tang, Wendong Wang, I. N. Yakovkin, and P. A. Dowben, 4f Hybridization and Band Dispersion in Gadolinium Thin Films and Compounds, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 975 (2009).

439. E. Bussmann, S. Bockenhauer, F. J. Himpsel, and B. S. Swartzentruber, One-Dimensional Defect-Mediated Hopover Diffusion of Si Adatoms on the Si(111)-(5x2)-Au Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 266101 (2008).

440. I. Barke, F. Zheng, S. Bockenhauer, K. Sell, V. v. Oeynhausen, K. H. Meiwes-Broer, S. C. Erwin, and F. J. Himpsel, Coverage-Dependent Faceting of Au Chains on Si(557), Phys. Rev. B 79, 155301 (2009).

441. C. Euaruksakul, F. Chen, B. Tanto, C. S. Ritz, D. M. Paskiewicz, F. J. Himpsel, D. E. Savage, Zheng Liu, Yugui Yao, Feng Liu, and M. G. Lagally, Relationships between strain and band structure in Si(001) and Si(110) nanomembranes, Phys. Rev. B 80, 115323 (2009).

442. F. Chen, E. B. Ramayya, C. Euaruksakul, F. J. Himpsel, G. K. Celler, B. Ding, I. Knezevic, and M. G. Lagally, Quantum Confinement, Surface Roughness, and the Conduction Band Structure of Ultrathin Silicon Membranes, ACS Nano 4, 2466 (2010).

443. F.J. Himpsel and I. Lindau, Ch. 9, Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra, Encyclopedia of Applied Spectroscopy, Edited by David L. Andrews, Wiley-VCH, (Weinheim 2009), p. 283. ISBN: 978-3-527-40773-6

444. Steven C. Erwin, Ingo Barke, and F. J. Himpsel, Structure and energetics of Si(111)-(5x2)-Au, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155409 (2009).

445. Guoliang Liu, Shengxiang Ji, Karl O. Stuen, Gordon S. W. Craig, Paul F. Nealey, F. J. Himpsel, Modification of a polystyrene brush layer by insertion of poly(methyl methacrylate) molecules, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27, 3038 (2009).

446. Dimas G. de Oteyza, Yutaka Wakayama, X. Liu, W. Yang, P. L. Cook, F. J. Himpsel, and J. E. Ortega, Effect of fluorination on the molecule-substrate interactions of pentacene/Cu(100) interfaces, Chem. Phys. Lett. 490, 54 (2010).

447. Peter L. Cook, Xiaosong Liu, Wanli Yang, and F. J. Himpsel, X-ray absorption spectroscopy of biomimetic dye molecules for solar cells, J. Chem. Phys. 131, 194701 (2009).

448. Peter L. Cook, Phillip S. Johnson, Xiaosong Liu, An-Li Chin, and F. J. Himpsel, Radiation damage in biomimetic dye molecules for solar cells, J. Chem. Phys. 131, 214702 (2009).

449. Yiqun Bai, Xiaosong Liu, Peter Cook, Nicholas L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Characterization of Surfaces Presenting Covalently Immobilized Oligopeptides Using Near-Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy, Langmuir 26, 6464 (2010).

450. F. J. Himpsel, Angle-resolved photoemission: From reciprocal space to real space, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 183, 114 (2011).

451. Yabing Qi, Xiaosong Liu, B. L. M. Hendriksen, V. Navarro, Jeong Y. Park, Imma Ratera, J. M. Klopp, C. Edder, Franz J. Himpsel, J. M. J. Frechet, Eugene E. Haller, and Miquel Salmeron, Influence of Molecular Ordering on Electrical and Friction Properties of omega-(trans-4-Stilbene)Alkylthiol Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111), Langmuir 26, 16522 (2010).

452. Steven C. Erwin and F. J. Himpsel, Intrinsic magnetism at silicon surfaces, Nature Communications 1:58 (2010).

453. F. J. Himpsel, Photon-in photon-out soft X-ray spectroscopy for materials science, Phys. Status Solidi B 248, 292 (2011).

454. J.M. Garcia-Lastra, P. L. Cook, F. J. Himpsel, and A. Rubio, Communication: Systematic shifts of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital peak in x-ray absorption for a series of 3d metal porphyrins, J. Chem Phys. 133, 151103 (2010).

455. Peter L. Cook, Wanli Yang, Xiaosong Liu, Juan Maria Garcia Lastra, Angel Rubio, and F. J. Himpsel, Unoccupied states in Cu and Zn octaethyl-porphyrin and phthalocyanine, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 204707 (2011).

456. Phillip S. Johnson, Peter L. Cook, Xiaosong Liu, Wanli Yang, Yiqun Bai, Nicholas L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Universal mechanism for breaking amide bonds by ionizing radiation, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 044702 (2011).

457. Ruben Gonzalez-Moreno, Peter L. Cook, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, Xiaosong Liu, Phillip S. Johnson, Wanli Yang, Rose E. Ruther, Robert J. Hamers, Ramon Tena-Zaera, F. J. Himpsel, J. Enrique Ortega, and Celia Rogero, Attachment of protoporphyrin dyes to nanostructured ZnO surfaces: characterization by NEXAFS, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 18195 (2011).

458. M. Serdar Onses, Christopher J. Thode, Chi-Chun Liu, Shengxiang Ji, Peter L. Cook, Franz J. Himpsel, and Paul F. Nealey, Site-Specific Placement of Au Nanoparticles on Chemical Nanopatterns Prepared by Molecular Transfer Printing Using Block-Copolymer Films, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 3074 (2011).

459. F. J. Himpsel, Anharmonic Waves in Field Theory, arXiv:1108.1736v1 [hep-th] (2011).

460. F. J. Himpsel, Quantum Electrodynamics with Anharmonic Waves, arXiv:1112.6216v1 [hep-th] (2011).

461. Feng Chen, Chanan Euaruksakul, Zheng Liu, F. J. Himpsel, Feng Liu, and Max G. Lagally, Conduction band structure and electron mobility in uniaxially strained Si via externally applied strain in nanomembranes, J. Phys. D 44, 325107 (2011).

462. C. X. Kronawitter, I. Zegkinoglou, C. Rogero, J.-H. Guo, S. S. Mao, F. J. Himpsel, L. Vayssieres, On the interfacial electronic structure origin of efficiency enhancement in Hematite photoanodes, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 22780 (2012).

463. Phillip S. Johnson, Peter L. Cook, Xiaosong Liu, Wanli Yang, Yiqun Bai, Nicholas L. Abbott, and F. J. Himpsel, Imide Photodissociation Investigated by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, J. Phys. Chem. B 116, 7048 (2012).

464. K. Biedermann, S. Regensburger, Th. Fauster, F. J. Himpsel, and S. C. Erwin, Spin-split silicon states at step edges of Si(553)-Au, Phys. Rev. B 85, 245413 (2012).

465. I. Zegkinoglou, P. L. Cook, P. S. Johnson, W. Yang, J. Guo, D. Pickup, R. Gonzalez-Moreno, C. Rogero, R. E. Ruther, M. L. Rigsby, J. E. Ortega, R. J. Hamers, and F. J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure of Diamond Surfaces Functionalized by Ru(tpy)2 , J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 13877 (2012).

466. Ehren M. Mannebach, Josef W. Spalenka, Phillip S. Johnson, Zhonghou Cai, F. J. Himpsel, Paul G. Evans, High Hole Mobility and Thickness-Dependent Crystal Structure in Dihexylsexithiophene Single-Monolayer Field-Effect Transistors, Advanced Functional Materials 23, 554 (2013).

467. P.C. Snijders, P.S. Johnson, N.P. Guisinger, S.C. Erwin, and F.J. Himpsel, Spectroscopic evidence for spin-polarized edge states in graphitic Si nanowires, New Journal of Physics 14, 103004 (2012).

468. F. J. Himpsel, Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy, in: Characterization of Materials, 2nd Edition, Edited by Elton N. Kaufmann, Wiley-VCH, (Weinheim 2012), p. 1146. ISBN: 9780471266969. DOI: 10.1002/0471266965

469. David F. Pickup, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, Beatriz Ballesteros, Carolina R. Ganivet, J. M. Garcia-Lastra, Peter L. Cook, Phillip S. Johnson, Celia Rogero, Frank de Groot, Angel Rubio, Gema de la Torre, J. Enrique Ortega, F. J. Himpsel, Influence of Axial and Peripheral Ligands on the Electronic Structure of Ti-phthalocyanines, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 4410 (2013).

470. Phillip S. Johnson, Peter L. Cook, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, J. M. Garcia-Lastra, Angel Rubio, Rose E. Ruther, Robert J. Hamers, and F. J. Himpsel, Electronic Structure of Fe- vs. Ru-Based Dye Molecules, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 044709 (2013).

471. F. J. Himpsel, P. L. Cook, G. de la Torre, J. M. Garcia-Lastra, R. Gonzalez-Moreno, J.-H. Guo, R. J. Hamers, C. X. Kronawitter, P. S. Johnson, J. E. Ortega, D. Pickup, M.-E. Ragoussi, C. Rogero, A. Rubio, R. E. Ruther, L. Vayssieres, W. Yang, I. Zegkinoglou, Design of Solar Cell Materials via Soft X-ray Spectroscopy, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 190, 2 (2013).

472. Ioannis Zegkinoglou, Maria-Eleni Ragoussi, S. C. Pemmaraju, Phillip S. Johnson, David Pickup, J. Enrique Ortega, D. Prendergast, Gema de la Torre, F. J. Himpsel, Spectroscopy of Donor-pi-Acceptor Porphyrins for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 13357 (2013).

473. E. Palacios-Lidon, D. F. Pickup, P. S. Johnson, R. E. Ruther, R. Tena-Zaera, R. J. Hamers, J. Colchero, F. J. Himpsel, J.E. Ortega, C. Rogero, Face selective etching of ZnO during attachment of dyes, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 18414 (2013).

474. C. X. Kronawitter, Ioannis Zegkinoglou, S. Shen, J.-H. Guo, F. J. Himpsel, S. S. Mao, L. Vayssieres, On the orbital anisotropy in hematite nanorod-based photoanodes, Communication: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 13483 (2013).

475. Christopher J. Thode, Peter L. Cook, Yaming Jiang, M. Serdar Onses, Shengxiang Ji, Franz J. Himpsel, and Paul F. Nealey, In situ metallization of patterned polymer brushes created by molecular transfer print and fill, Nanotechnology 24, 155602 (2013).

476. S. Polei, P.C. Snijders, S.C. Erwin, F.J. Himpsel, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, and I. Barke, Structural Transition in Atomic Chains Driven by Transient Doping, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 156801 (2013).


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